spruce

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spruce

(sproos)
Any of the evergreen coniferous trees and shrubs of the genus Picea (family Piceaceae), widely found in the Northern Hemisphere. Known side effects of exposure to spruce dusts (e.g., in sawmill workers) include an increased incidence of reactive airways diseases such as asthma. The gum of the spruce is used occasionally in complementary and alternative medicine as an expectorant.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pinus sibirica, along with Larix sibirica, is found in central Altai (2100 meter above sea level) and dark coniferous taiga with Picea obovata, Abies sibirica and Pinus sibirica at (1985-2050 m) in the northern and southwestern areas (Blyakharachuk et al.
According to Nora Monus, Sales Manager Cosmetics, for Neopac, the tube's matte finish and wood feel were one of the aspects of the PICEA tube that appealed to biana because it "matches the product perfectly."
However, in some localities viz., Nanga Parbat, Nagar and Skardu these urial were also observed/reported in dry temperate coniferous and dry temperate evergreen oak forests where Cedrus deodara, Picea smithiana, Abies pindrow, Pinus wallichiana, Pinus gerardiana, Quercus baloot, Salix daphnoides were the main plant/tree species between 2500 to 3800 m elevation (Table I).
(i) 4 Picea abies glulam webs with a cross section of 160 x 210 mm
Relationships between longitudinal and radial Picea genera sound vibration parameters.
picea. Myrmica punctiventris accounted for 20.2% of ants collected within territories but made up only 4.7% of the formicid diet of territory residents.
The study area including pure Pinus nigra, Picea abies and mixed Pinus nigra--Picea abies stands of afforested area.
Galactoglucomannan extracted from spruce (Picea abies) as a carbohydrate source for probiotic bacteria.
Phytoplasmas were recently reported from Poland in Picea abies (L.) Karst.
Height to 50 mm; two forms, (1) tufted with contorted branches and (2) simple with a number of simple, unbranched clubs; colour white to cream; surface wrinkled in tufted form, smooth in simple form; spore print white; spores sub-globose 8.5-9.5 x 7-8.5 [mirco]m; habitat under introduced conifers including Spruce Picea sp.
Upland forests are rapidly succeeded by Picea albertiana, which at maturity can reach heights of 25-35 m.
Linear measurements of cones and seed scales unequivocally show that Karelian spruces should be treated as Siberian Picea obovata.