Acacia catechu contains flavonoids; kaempferol, quercetin, catechin, and terpene; camphor and phytol
.  Kaempferol is a flavonoid and known to have antibacterial and antifungal activity.
The synergistic activity of phytochemicals like phytol
and mosloflavone present in the crude extract could be responsible for pyocyanin inhibition (27).
In this study, the higher antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the methanol extract could be correlated to the occurrence of more number of bioactive compounds including n-hexadecanoic acid, Phytol
, and squalane.
191(1):49-56 (2011); doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03743.x.
In this account, the leaf extract contained six compounds among them, phytol
(38.24%) is having anticancer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antimicrobial, diuretic, and chemopreventive properties and used in vaccine formulations [22, 23].
In addition, [beta]-cyclocitral and phytol
are characteristic compounds influencing the flavor of algae from Okayama and Tokushima prefecture: they contribute to fresh and floral odors, respectively .
The authors had also earlier reported an active whole extract of the plant comprising of hexadecanoic acid, 1-hexadecene, phytol
, and a phytol
derivative with an IC50 of 7.5 [micro]g/mL against NCI-H23 cell lines .
bis 0.95 1641.1 (2-methyIpropyl) ester Pentadecanoic acid 1.68 1647.7 9.12.15 Octadecatrien-1-ol 0.51 1671.0 (Z, Z, Z) = [C.sub.18][H.sub.12]0 5,9,13 Pentadecatrien-2-one-6,10, 0.71 1686.9 14 trimethyl(E, E)- Farnesylacetone Hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester 0.39 1697.2 Isophytol 1.09 1717.0 Dibutyl phthalate 1.75 1736.0 n-Hexadecanoic acid (C16) 43.46 1781.0 Phytol
5.68 1889.5 Oleic acid(C18:1) 9.51 1932.6 Octadecanoica cid 2.03 1948.9 3,7.11.15-Tetramethyl-2-hexadecen 0.02 1981.5 -1-ol Heneicosane 0.29 2063.3 4,8.12.16-Tetrametrvyllieptadecan 0.16 2122.9 -4-ol Hexatriacontane 0.3 2260.8 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylicacid.
Why are Atmospheric Oxides of Nitrogen Usually Phytotoxic and not Alternative Fertilizer', New Phytol
. 115, 395(1990).
It is comprised of a family of hydrocarbon compounds characterised by a chromanol ring with a phytol
side chain referred to as tocopherols and tocotrienols.
"Regulation of plant cell growth: The changing perspective", New Phytol
. 90, pp.1-18.