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The accidental American-French hybrid is naturally resistant to both phylloxera and Pierce's disease, a deadly bacterial pathogen found across the South.
Attempts to eliminate phylloxera ranged from the comic to the desperate, including injecting vines with arsenic and burying a live toad under each plant.
What type of plants are commonly attacked by the phylloxera bug?
There was a time, after phylloxera had destroyed the vineyards of France, that absinthe was drunk more than wine, and absinthe addiction was blamed for the degeneracy of a whole generation, so the word still carries a stigma and bottles are now labelled "Spiriteux aux Plantes d'Absinthe".
Munson Viticulture and Enology Center, have included new passages on the phylloxera period, Munson's views on agriculture and transportation and additional excerpts from Munson's writings.
A type of North American aphid, phylloxera has been blamed for ruining entire vineyards by draining the sap from the roots of grapevines underground, depriving them of nutrients.
By 1868, phylloxera had been identified in the vineyards of southern France.
British journalist Campbell reveals the intriguing story behind the identification and eventual eradication of phylloxera and how French botanist Jules Planchon of Montpellier and U.
A bit of research (all right, a gander at the big map and brochure that he's brought with him) reveals that vines were first planted in Chile as far back as 1548, but most of thecountry's finest ``rootstock'' dates from the 19th century -- when it was imported from France just before an outbreak of the dreaded phylloxera, which destroyed millions of acres of vineyards across Europe.
Their prosperity was threatened, however, by the arrival, in the 1880s of phylloxera and, early in the next century, by a collapse in the grape market.
Tests confirmed the grape was not a merlot but a carmenere, which had disappeared from France during a phylloxera plant lice outbreak in the 1880s.