laser therapy

(redirected from Photobiomodulation)
Also found in: Acronyms.

laser therapy

Any medical use of lasers for purposes designed to improve the state of patients. Laser therapy includes simple bloodless tissue cutting; destroying or sealing unwanted blood vessels; tumour destruction; unblocking obstructed FALLOPIAN TUBES to restore fertility; removal of tattoos and birthmarks; removal of atherosclerotic plaque and thrombosis inside arteries so as to restore patency; removal of prostate gland tissue causing outflow obstruction; precision corneal curvature adjustment to correct refractive errors; treatment of glaucoma by opening eye aqueous drainage channels (see LASER TRABECULOPLASTY); destroying peripheral parts of the retina so as to allow regression of dangerously fragile new blood vessels in DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; and attempting to promote healing in sprains, inflamed tendons and painful joints. See also LASER.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hamblin, "Proposed mechanisms of photobiomodulation or low-level light therapy," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, vol.
Photobiomodulation sensitized photoreceptors, called chromophores that are part of the cellular pathways by regulating components of the respiratory chain (Cytochrome C oxidase and NADH dehydrogenase), changing its redox potential and promoting enzyme activation or inhibition (29).
Secondary reactions of photobiomodulation involved a cellular signaling pathway, which involves the cell between the photoacceptor and a nucleus [28, 29].
Baccan et al., "Evaluation of corticosterone and IL-1[beta], IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-[alpha] expression after 670-nm laser photobiomodulation in rats," Lasers in Medical Science, vol.
Early Class III lasers had very low power output, leading to their being called "low level" lasers or "cold lasers." The effects of both Class III lasers and the more recent, higher-powered Class IV therapeutic lasers are referred to as photobiomodulation, intended to denote the changes caused by the lasers at a cellular level.
The company is being recognized for their work on the LT-300, a photobiomodulation (PBM) device that will be used to treat age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Low Level Laser Therapy/ photobiomodulation is used to promote circulation to the treated site, so that it heals faster.
Mitochondrial mechanisms of photobiomodulation in context of new data about multiple roles of ATP.
(2006) Clinical and experimental applications of NIR-LED photobiomodulation. Photomed Laser Surg 24: 121-128.