Photobacterium


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Photobacterium

(fō'tō-bak-tē'rē-ŭm),
A genus of motile and nonmotile, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic bacteria (family Pseudomonadaceae) containing gram-negative coccobacilli and occasional rods; under adverse conditions pleomorphic forms frequently occur. Motile cells have polar flagella. The metabolism of these organisms is fermentative. They are usually luminescent and occur symbiotically in tissues of luminous organs of cephalopods and deep-sea fish as well as on the skin and in the intestines of some marine fish. The type species is Photobacterium phosphoreum.

pho·to·bac·te·ri·um

, pl.

pho·to·bac·te·ri·a

(fō'tō-bak-tē'rē-ŭm, -bak-tē'rē-ă),
A vernacular term used to refer to any member of the genus Photobacterium.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Kucerova, et al [15], biogenic amine at production on network fishes out by bacterias of Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, Proteus, Streptococus, Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Photobacterium, Klebsiella, and Hafnia one that result histidin decarboxylase's enzyme.
Bacteriocuprein superoxide dismutase of Photobacterium leiognathi.
Strain variation in bacteriocuprein superoxide dismutase from symbiotic Photobacterium leiognathi.
Also, altogether two different photobacterial strains: Vibrio fischeri NRRL-B 11177 (strain used in Microtox test by Azur Environmental, USA as well as in VF1500 and BioTox[TM] preparation by ThermoLabsystems, Finland) and Photobacterium phosphoreum strain FEI 162095 (registered in the Finnish Environment Institute) were applied.
In our previous study, we found that La was biologically toxic in aqueous solution and in soil, and there was a significant negative correlation between the relative luminosity of Photobacterium phosphoreum [T.
Screening and estimating of toxicity information with photobacterium bioassay during chlorine disinfection of wastewater.
Species of Vibrio, Photobacterium, Pseudoalteromonas, and Pseudomonas were identified from water samples.
Phylogenetic analysis and assessment of the genera Vibrio, Photobacterium, Aeromonas, and Plesiomonas deduced from small-subunit rRNA sequences.
These are primarily related to toxicity toward the four aquatic species Poecilia reticulata, Daphnia magma, Chlorella pyrenoidina, and Photobacterium phosphoreum.
FloR was first identified in Photobacterium damsela, a bacterium found in fish (5).