phospholipase

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Related to Phospholipases: Phospholipase B

phospholipase

 [fos″fo-lip´ās]
any of four enzymes (phospholipase A to D) that catalyze the hydrolysis of a phospholipid.

phos·pho·lip·ase

(fos'fō-lip'ās),
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a phospholipid.
Synonym(s): lecithinase

phospholipase

(fŏs′fō-lĭp′ās′, -lī′pās′)
n.
Any of several enzymes that hydrolyze specific ester bonds in phospholipids.

lecithinase

A nonspecific term for any enzyme that hydrolyses lecithin and other phospholipids.

phos·pho·lip·ase

(fos'fō-lip'ās)
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a phospholipid.
Synonym(s): lecithinase.

phos·pho·lip·ase

(fos'fō-lip'ās)
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a phospholipid.
Synonym(s): lecithinase.
References in periodicals archive ?
The development of a new culture medium for intestinal protozoan allows learning about the biology of parasites, their growth rate, virulence factors (like phospholipase activity), susceptibility to new drugs, and the appearance of resistant strains, among other aspects [15].
Marcussi, "Inhibition of proteases and phospholipases A2 from Bothrops atrox and Crotalus durissus terrificus snake venoms by ascorbic acid, vitamin E, and B-complex vitamins," Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, vol.
In addition, many snake venoms have in common active toxic components that could be targeted by SMTs, including the secreted phospholipase A2 ([sPLA.sub.2]) and metallo- and serineproteases (svMPs and SPs, respectively).
Dennis, "Phospholipase [A.sub.2] biochemistry," Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy, vol.
fumigatus to produce extracellular phospholipases. Aspergillosis is a disease almost exclusively acquired by inhalation of airborne conidia which penetrate deep into the alveolar spaces that are lined with lung surfactant which is composed of up to 80% phospholipid.
(2008) Biochemistry and physiology of mammalian secreted phospholipases [A.sub.2].
albicans, which though distantly related have similar gene families encoding for enzymes phospholipases, lipases, aspartyl proteases, and acid sphingomyelinases.
The determination of phospholipase activity was performed using the egg yolk agar plate method (2% glucose, 1% peptone, 0.5% yeast extract, 4% NaCl, 0.074% Ca[Cl.sub.2], 1.5% agar, then, 2% of fresh egg yolk was added to the medium) as previously described by Price et al.
These studies also reported that melittin has significant lipid regulating activities by activating phospholipase [A.sub.2].
Phospholipase D (PLD, EC 3.1.4.4) is a lipolytic enzyme which has gradually emerged, over recent decades, as one of the key components of a broad range of cellular and physiological processes (see [1] for review).
The enzymes, such as hyaluronidase, phospholipase [A.sub.2] ([PLA.sub.2]), [alpha]-D-glucosidase, lysopphospholipase, [alpha]-acetylamino-deosiglucosidase, arylamidase and phosphomonoesterase acid esterase.