Reproductive biology and development of Phoronida
This type of CNS is not found in Phoronida
and Brachiopoda, which cluster with nemertines in almost all molecular analyses (e.g., Baguna et al., 2008a; Dunn et al., 2008).
Among these are worm-shaped clades such as Plathelminthes or Nemertea, tentacle-bearing phyla such as Entoprocta and Lophophorata (Ectoprocta, Brachiopoda, and Phoronida
), or highly mobile pelagic taxa such as cephalopod molluscs.
A waterborne behavioral cue for the actinotroch larva of Phoronis pallida (Phoronida
) produced by Upogebia pugettensis (Decapoda: Thalassinidea).
comprises at least 10 recognized species and a larval form known as the actinotroch (Emig, 1974, 1982).
The method of feeding of lophophorates (Bryozoa, Phoronida
Characterization of hemoglobin from Phoronis architecta (Phoronida
Section 2: Platyhelminthes through Phoronida
and Section 3: Sipuncula through Annelida.