The effects of pressure release, phonophoresis
of hydrocortisone, and ultrasound on upper trapezius latent myofascial trigger point.
Therefore, due to its promising therapeutic effects, phonophoresis
has been widely employed in clinical physiotherapy for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders, especially in the rehabilitation of patients with acute and chronic osteomioarticular lesions, bone inflammation, pain, and edema (11,7).
On the mechanisms of in vitro and in vivo phonophoresis
. Journal of Controlled Release, v.
The efficacy of phonophoresis
on electrophysiological studies of the patients with carpal tunnel syndrome.
Treatment options range from rest, local cooling, and application of local and systemic anti-inflammatory medicaments to physiotherapy with ultrasound, phonophoresis
, and local friction.
Beneficial effects of TDI and its variants (electroporation, phonophoresis
, and chemical enhancers systems) have also been observed in a wide variety of situations and clinic conditions [14, 35, 36].
Baser, "Comparison the efficacy of phonophoresis
and ultrasound therapy in myofascial pain syndrome," Rheumatology International, vol.
Additionally, there is an Appendix about "Medications Delivered by Iontophoresis and Phonophoresis
", a glossary, references and and an index at the end of the book.
Various methodical techniques were developed: baths, applications, abdominal procedures, local baths for hands and feet, combined techniques mud cure (galvanomud cure, diathermomudtherapy, electro-and phonophoresis
of mud solution, magnetic and mud therapy etc.).
Objective: We aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of corticosteroid injection and phonophoresis
in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).
versus ultrasound in the treatment of common musculoskeletal conditions.
Various skin penetration enhancing techniques has been developed such as chemical enhancers, iontophoresis, sonophoresis (phonophoresis
) and electroporation to overcome this formidable barrier.