phocomelia

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Related to Phocomelia syndrome: thalidomide

phocomelia

 [fo″ko-me´le-ah]
congenital absence of the proximal portion of a limb or limbs, the hands or feet being attached to the trunk by a small, irregularly shaped bone. adj., adj phocome´lic.

pho·co·me·li·a

, phocomely (fō'kō-mē'lē-ă, fō-kom'ĕ-lē),
A type of meromelia; defective development of arms or legs, or both, so that the hands and feet are attached close to the body, resembling the flippers of a seal.
[G. phōkē, a seal, + melos, extremity]

phocomelia

(fō′kō-mē′lē-ə, -mēl′yə)
n.
A birth defect in which the upper portion of a limb is absent or poorly developed, so that the hand or foot attaches to the body by a short, flipperlike stump.

phocomelia

Teratology A congenital malformation characterized by attachment of a hand to the shoulder or foot to the pelvis, imparting a seal flipper appearance, classically associated with exposure of a developing fetus to thalidomide. See Thalidomide.

pho·co·me·li·a

, phocomely (fō'kō-mē'lē-ă, fō-kom'ĕ-lē)
Defective development of the upper or lower limbs, or both, so that the hands and feet are attached close to the body, resembling the flippers of a seal.
[G. phōkē, a seal, + melos, extremity]

phocomelia

A major, congenital limb defect featuring absence of all long bones so that the hands or feet are attached directly to the trunk and resemble flippers. Spontaneous cases of phocomelia are rare but the condition occurred in many children whose mothers were given thalidomide early in their pregnancy.