is characterized in part by their terrestrial growth and production of gemmae and is sister to the tropical, non-gemmiferous firmosses, Phlegmariurus
Holub (Wikstrom and Kenrick, 1997, 2000).
Consequently, about three-fourths of the grammitid ferns and all of the Phlegmariurus species from Veracruz belong to a threatened category, considering the IUCN (2003) regional criteria, mainly because of major habitat destruction within the last decades and a very limited number of known populations either in Los Tuxtlas or central Veracruz (Armenta-Montero et al.
Distribution and conservation status of Phlegmariurus (Lycopodiaceae) in the state of Veracruz, Mexico.
Aside from their importance phylogenetically, a number of clubmosses (Huperzia and Phlegmariurus spp.
While several paleotropical epiphytic Phlegmariurus spp.
Huperzia sensu stricto have erect shoots that are gemmiferous, while those of Phlegmariurus are erect to pendulous but not gemmiferous (Fig.
For Huperzia and terrestrial Phlegmariurus, entire plants were collected if possible.
We describe and illustrate a new firmoss, Phlegmariurus changii (Huperziaceae), which is endemic to eastern Taiwan.
Phlegmariurus, flora of Taiwan, taxonomy, ornamental fern, tassel fern, extinct in the wild
In this article, we follow Wagner's classification and include this species in Phlegmariurus (Wagner and Beitel, 1992).
Many species of Phlegmariurus (Herter) Holub are important traditional medicines and popular ornamental ferns in the flower markets, such as Phlegmariurus squarrosus (Forst.
Of these early genera, only Psilotum, Lycopodium, Palhinhaea, Lycopodiastrum, Huperzia, Phlegmariurus
, Selaginella, and Equisetum remain (Editorial Board of Paleontology Basic Theory, 1983).