phlebotomus fever

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phlebotomus fever

 [flĕ-bot´o-mus]
a febrile viral disease of short duration, transmitted by the sandfly Phlebotomus papatasii, with symptoms like those of dengue, occurring in Mediterranean and Middle East countries. Called also sandfly fever.

phle·bot·o·mus fe·ver

an infectious but not contagious disease occurring in the Balkan Peninsula and other parts of southern Europe, caused by several viruses in the family Bunyaviridae apparently introduced by the bite of the sandfly, Phlebotomus papatasii; symptoms resemble those of dengue but are less severe and of shorter duration.

phlebotomus fever

(flĭ-bŏt′ə-məs)
An acute, self-limited viral infection caused by 5 serotypes of Arbovirus, in the Mediterranean rim, eastern Africa and Central Asia during dry, hot weather

phlebotomus fever

An acute viral infection, transmitted by the fly Phlebotomus papatosii and characterized by fever, pains in the head and eyes, inflammation of the CONJUNCTIVA, LEUKOPENIA and general malaise. Also known as sandfly fever.

Pym,

Sir William, English physician, 1772-1861.
Pym fever - an infectious but not contagious disease occurring in the Balkan Peninsula and other parts of Southern Europe, apparently caused by the bite of the sandfly. Synonym(s): phlebotomus fever
References in periodicals archive ?
Genetic characterization of Bhanja virus and Palma virus, two tick-borne phleboviruses. Virus Genes.
Species and gender of sandflies processed for phleboviruses and Leishmania Species Sandflies Pools Male Female Male Female P.
Sand fly-borne phleboviruses have been studied mainly in the Mediterranean region.
We reviewed all the published data for sand fly-borne phleboviruses in the Balkan Peninsula to provide a comprehensive view of the current situation and of the public health effect on humans and vertebrate animals in the region.
We tested cattle and sheep serum for neutralizing antibodies using the virus microneutralization assay, described for phleboviruses (7) in parallel with TOSV strain MRS2010-4319501 and SFSV strain Sabin.
However, infection with 2 other phleboviruses, mosquitoborne Rift Valley fever virus and tick-associated severe fever with thrombo-cytopenia syndrome virus, causes severe disease.
These data and the experimental inoculation data in our study indicate that the interferon response is critical for controlling pathologic changes of mice infected with phleboviruses.
The presence of an NSs protein in phleboviruses and orthobunyaviruses provides interferon resistance required to infect vertebrates efficiently (3,4).
Consequently, phleboviruses similar to ABIV may be present in bird populations in the southern areas of Africa and South America.
Two new phleboviruses recently detected in Ixodes ticks in the northeastern United States are genetically unrelated to HRTV but raise the possibility that additional undiscovered phleboviruses exist (12).
Reverse transcription nested PCR was conducted by using generic primers for flaviviruses, enteroviruses, and phleboviruses. PCR for phleboviruses (2) resulted in a PCR product of the expected size, and the sequence was most closely related to those of isolates belonging to the Sandfly fever Naples virus (SFNV) species (Figure).
The Table summarizes the genetic and sequence features of the genome segments and deduced proteins of HIGV and several selected phleboviruses. From the sequence comparison, it is evident that HIGV is a new member of the genus Phlebovirus and that it is most closely related to the newly discovered zoonotic members of the genus, SFTSV and HRTV.