Insecticide susceptibility status of Phlebotomus argentipes, a vector of visceral leishmaniasis in different foci in three states of India.
Insecticide susceptibility of Phlebotomus argentipes in visceral leishmaniasis endemic districts in India and Nepal.
Susceptibility of Phlebotomus argentipes
to DDT in some kala-azar endemic area of Bihar (India).
Resurgence of Phlebotomus argentipes
and Papatasi in part of Bihar (India) after DDT spraying.
Host preference of Phlebotomus argentipes
and Phlebotomus papatasi in different biotopes of West Bengal, India.
Survey of sandflies in the Himalayan region has established the presence of Phlebotomus argentipes
Sand fly bloodmeal analysis in India confirms that Phlebotomus argentipes
feed predominantly on bovines, with humans as their second choice (17).
Visceral leishmaniasis, popularly known as kala-azar in Indian subcontinent is a vector-borne disease caused by the trypanosomatid parasite Leishmania donovani in the Indian subcontinent and is transmitted by Phlebotomus argentipes
The presence of Phlebotomus argentipes
, the established vector of the visceral form of leishmaniasis caused by L.
is the proven vector of kala-azar in India (4).
Favouring factors are: human beings the only reservoir host; Phlebotomus argentipes
the only vector in the region; VL focalized in 109 districts in three countries; the disease easy to diagnose even in field settings through recently developed rK39 dipstick test and can be treated completely with effective drugs.
is an established vector of visceral leishmaniasis in India and other countries of the sub-continent (1,2).