It is formed in the heartwood of Palisan tree (Aquilaria tree) when they become infected with a type of mold called Phialophora
Species of Amhinema, Boletus, Hebeloma, Laccaria, Paxillus, Phialophora
, Russula, Lactarius, Suillus and Thelephora are the commonest associates of conifer roots (Bent et al., 2011; Gao & Yang, 2010; Garcia et al., 2016; Obase et al., 2009) and the Cenococcum geophilum often dominate the community (Horton & Bruns, 1998; Koide et al., 2008; Obase et al., 2009; Taniguchi et al., 2007).
Yao, An Acid and Highly Thermostable Xylanase from Phialophora
 Several species have been described such as Fonsecaea pedrosoi, Phialophora
verrucosa, Cladosporium carrionii.
A kind of phytohormones substances (IAA) was identified in culture medium from two DSE strains Helgardia ericae (Gay and Debaud, 1987) and Phialophora
Wang, "A case of phaeohyphomycosis caused by a new species of Phialophora
," Mycologia, vol.
Exophiala, Bipolaris, Curvularia, Lecythophora, Dactylaria, Phialophora
, Exserohilum, Alternaria, and Cladosporium are species of several genera of fungi that have been recognized as agents of phaeohyphomycosis [4, 5].
verrucosa, Cladophialophora carrionii and Rhinocladiella aquaspersa and occasionally by Exophiala spinifera, Aureobasidium pullulans and Chaetomium funicula.2,3
It is most commonly caused by Fonsecaea pedrosoi, Cladophialophora carrionii and Phialophora
verrucosa.(1) The disease is characterised by the presence of sclerotic bodies in the tissue.
Side rot (Phialophora
malorum) in 'Bosc' was reduce applying three mid-summer sprays of 3.6 and 6 g Ca [L.sup.-1] as Ca[Cl.sub.2] (SUGAR et al., 1992).
Chromoblastomycosis is caused by several genera of dematiaceous (melanin pigmented) fungi: Phialophora
verrucosa, Fonsecaea pedrosoi (F.compactum, Exophiala jeanselmei, E.spinifera), Wangiella dermatitidis, Rhinocladiella aquaspersa, Cladosporium carrionii, and Rhytidhysteron spp.