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the study of phenomena in their own right rather than inferring causes; in psychiatry, the theory that behavior is determined by the way the person perceives reality rather than by objective external reality.


1. The systematic description and classification of phenomena without attempt at explanation or interpretation.
See also: existential psychology.
2. The study of human experiences, irrespective of objective-subjective distinctions.
See also: existential psychology.
[phenomenon, + G. logos, study]


(fĕ-nŏm″ĕ-nŏl′ō-jē) [Gr. phainomenon, appearing, + logos, word, reason]
1. The study and classification of phenomena.
2. The science of the subjective processes by which phenomena are presented, with emphasis on mental processes and essential elements of experiences. A phenomenological study emphasizes a person's descriptions of and feelings about experienced events.

phenomenology (f·näˑ·m·näˑ·l·jē),

n a philosophical approach and method of qualitative research in which the essence of an experience is sought. The researcher identifies prior assumptions and beliefs and temporarily brackets them away from the experience being researched, so that it may be understood on its own terms.
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Conley's comment: "I believe that the distinctive union between phenomenological method and neoscholastic analysis of the moral act explains part of the difficulty many of us experience when reading the pope's documents.
Owing to the narrow limits of the phenomenological method, this may lead to a dead end.
30) In recent times the phenomenological method has found it's most well known Christian theological expression in the voice of Karl Rahner.
Phenomenological method in turn helps to uncover the elements of individual identity, its cultural conditions and, at the same time, gives a perspective for a re-evaluation of traditional values, everyday practices, individual habits, social roles beyond the satisfaction of narrow utilitarian needs: "natural world includes not only the other things--more or less alive, but this is also the world with values, duties and practical interests" (Mickunas, Stewart 1994: 44).
Ivone Gebara's phenomenological method is transparent in her writing.
Manoussakis makes use of Christian practices central to Eastern Orthodox life and thought, in order to substantiate his phenomenological method and thereby accommodate a theological aesthetics.
She uses a phenomenological method that reveals specific testimony and witness to the concrete evils women suffer.
In accordance with the phenomenological method, the researcher, prior to data collection, suspended all that was known about the experiences of pregnant unmarried adolescents in Lesotho through the process of phenomenological reduction or bracketing.
This study attempts to remedy that need by using the phenomenological method to look at the apparent PK experiences of eight individuals whose PK abilities had been "verified" by (a) being witnessed by another, reputable person, (b) their PK having been experimentally ascertained, or (c) having a general reputation as a successful PK performer.
This, in turn, highlights an aspect of Marcel's specificity that has been overlooked: recognition of narrative's structural importance in Marcel reveals the extent to which the form and content of his investigations into the nature of Being are indissociable; and this sheds light on his particular phenomenological method, which, like that of Martin Heidegger (1889-1976), takes an indirect approach to ontology--specifically through its use of first-person narratives.
Among his topics are defining religion, stages in the phenomenological method, myths and rituals, religious practitioners and art, and the special case of belief.