phenanthrene

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phenanthrene

 [fĕ-nan´thrēn]
a tricyclic aromatic hydrocarbon occurring in coal tar and isomeric with anthracene; it is toxic and carcinogenic.

phe·nan·threne

(fĕ-nan'thrēn),
A compound isomeric with anthracene, derived from coal tar; a major component of steroids, as cyclopenta[α]phenanthrene. Used as a basis for the synthesis and nomenclature of various dyes and drugs.

phenanthrene

/phe·nan·threne/ (fĕ-nan´thrēn) a tricyclic aromatic hydrocarbon occurring in coal tar; toxic and carcinogenic.

phenanthrene

(fə-năn′thrēn′)
n.
A colorless aromatic crystalline hydrocarbon, C14H10, obtained by fractional distillation of coal-tar oils and used in dyes, drugs, and explosives.

phenanthrene

a colorless, crystalline hydrocarbon used in industry. Has caused photosensitization.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, by scanning electron microscopy, abundant coccolithophores have been found in the Biluo Co oil shale, which indicates the contribution of the abundant phenanthrene series.
Based on the methyl phenanthrene index [23], the maturity parameter utilizes the relative abundance of phenanthrene and methyl phenanthrene yields calculated vitrinite reflectance (VRc%) ranging from 0.
The compounds mainly fall into the following 12 aromatic hydrocarbon series: naphthalene (m/z 128, m/z 142, m/z 156, m/z 170, m/z 184, m/z 198), phenanthrene (m/z 178, m/z 192, m/z 206, m/z 220), benzopyrene (m/z 252), fluoranthene (m/z 202, m/z 216), dibenzothiophene (m/z 184, m/z 198, m/z 212, m/z 226), benzonaphthothiophene (m/z 234), dibenzofuran (m/z 168, m/z 182, m/z 196), fluorene (m/z 166, m/z 180, m/z 194), chrysene (m/z 228, m/z 242, m/z 256), biphenyl (m/z 154, m/z 168, m/z 182), triaromatic sterane (m/z 231) and benzohopane (m/z 191).
The distribution of total naphthalenes and phenanthrenes in the coal and shale extracts from the Mamu Formation indicates that the total sum of the phenanthrenes and their isomers was greater than that of the naphthalenes in all the samples analyzed (Fig.
The concentration of aromatic compounds, such as naphthalenes, phenanthrenes, dibenzothiophenes and their structural isomers are at present attracting increasing attention as maturity indicators for coals and shale source rocks.
Substituted phenanthrenes as inducers of hepatic mixed function oxygenase (MFO) in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
Trip blanks (unexposed SPMDs) contained low concentrations (<65 ng/mL) of naphthalene, C1- to C3-naphthalene, phenanthrene and anthracene.
An interesting chapter in the book on cyclopenta [a] phenanthrenes attempts to relate the x-ray crystallographic data on molecular strain to carcinogenicity.
Several PAHs that were not detected during the four-engine run-up test--for example, the methyl-substituted phenanthrenes and anthracenes, as well as fluoranthene and pyrene--were detected in the integrated-air samples collected downwind from the AGE units.
Although TWAs for specific PAHs are not given in these workplace standards, the OSHA analytical method for coal tar pitch volatiles specifies target concentrations for selected PAHs, including phenanthrene, anthracene, pyrene, chrysene, and benzo[a]pyrene (33).
Kenplast G is a low-cost, low-viscosity mixture of alkylated naphthalenes and phenanthrenes with an initial boiling point of 570 F and a final boiling point around 700 F.
18], phenanthrene analysis, and calculated vitrinite reflectance (%[R.