Ascending pharyngeal branch: The vascular branches to the origin of the ascending pharyngeal artery derived from the medial surface of the external carotid nerve or from the ascending pharyngeal artery.
Pharyngeal branch: The two or three branches derived from the external carotid plexus accompanying the pharyngeal branch of the ascending pharyngeal artery to the pharynx (Fig.
Pharyngeal branch: In 30 % of the cases, there appeared to be two long branches coming from the caudomedial margin of the central part of the CCG, at its caudal margin and turned laterally after passing over the medial surface of the internal carotid artery towards ventrorostally to help in the formation of the pharyngeal plexus either alone or in association with corresponding branches from the vagus and glossopharyngeal nerves.
Muscular branch: A branch originated from the lateral surface of the rostroventral margin of the CCG accompanying the muscular branch of the pharyngeal branch of the ascending pharyngeal artery to the insertion portion of the longus capitis muscle (Fig.
Communicating branch to the pharyngeal branches of the vague and glossopharyngeal nerves: In 30 % of the cases, two long braches originated from the caudomedial margin of the central part of the CCG, at its caudal margin and turned laterally to communicate with the pharyngeal branch of the vagus and glossopharyngeal nerves (Fig.
The most rostral part of the cervical interganglionic branch little distal to the ventral pole of the CCG laterally coursed by the pharyngeal branch of the vagus nerve, while passing rostrally toward the pharynx (Figs.
In cats, it results from activation of a reflex whose afferent fibres originate from the pharyngeal branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve , and the efferent ones from the vagal motoneuron, projecting to the phrenic nerve and laryngeal intrinsic muscles.
In particular, the electrical stimulation of the pharyngeal branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve (PB-IX) is responsible for hiccup.
Arita, "Hiccup reflex is mediated by pharyngeal branch of glossopharyngeal nerve in cats," Neuroscience Research, vol.
To our knowledge, the esophageal functional changes and the reason that they changed in OSAHS patients remain unclear, but it has been proved that the upper-airway dilator dysfunction exists in OSAHS patients.[sup] Upper-airway dilators are mainly innervated by the pharyngeal branch
of vagus and trigeminal nerves.
However, closer inspection of the imaging studies showed presumed neurogenic atrophy of the left-sided soft-palate muscles, implicating additional partial nerve injuries to the ipsilateral pharyngeal branch
of the left vagus nerve and the otitic branch of the mandibular division of the left trigeminal nerve.
Typically, the pharyngeal branch
of the external carotid artery supplies the mass.