At that time, an outbreak of unexplained human illness, associated with exposure to blooms of a dinoflagellate, Pfiesteria piscicida
, attracted his attention and interest.
Quantitative real-time PCR assays targeting "harmful" algal species Alexandrium monilalum, Margalefidinium polykrikoides (previously Cochlodinium), Karlodinium veneficum, Luciella spp., Pfiesteria piscicida
, Pseudopfiesteria shumwayae, and Prorocentrum minimum were executed for each of the DNA samples as previously described (VA DEQ 2014, Vandersea et al.
IRI-160, isolated from the Delaware River, USA, with a negative effect on the growth of three dinoflagellates (Pfiesteria piscicida
, Prorocentrum minimum and Gyrodinium uncatenum).
Em mananciais da costa leste dos Estados Unidos, surtos de Pfiesteria piscicida
ocorridos na decada de 1990, em eventos de eutrofizacao, provocaram danos neurologicos irreversiveis nas pessoas expostas ao material toxico e volatil produzido (6).
In the dinoflagellates, to date, CYP protein has been isolated in 4 other species (Alexandrium fundyense, Karlodinium veneficum, Pfiesteria piscicida
, and Prorocentrum minimum), with no further characterization; herein, we analyzed those sequences and identified 3 groups as follows: CYP A, CYP B to which our CpCYP belongs, and CYP C (Figure 2(b)).
This new algae was named Pfiesteria piscicida
(pronounced fist-area piss-ki-sida).
Hutchins, "A bacterium that inhibits the growth of Pfiesteria piscicida
and other dinoflagellates," Harmful Algae, vol.
Schrader A, 2010, "Responding to Pfiesteria piscicida
(the fish killer): phantomatic ontologies, indeterminacy and responsibility in toxic microbiology" Social Studies of Science 40 275-306
The fish kills were associated with Pfiesteria piscicida
, a toxic microorganism which caused skin lesions on fish and health problems for fisherman and scientists studying the problem.
Hog waste spills have caused the rapid spread of Pfiesteria piscicida
, which has killed a billion fish in North Carolina alone.
and other Pfiesteria-like dinoflagellates: behavior, impacts, and environmental controls.