butterbur

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Related to Petasites: Petasites hybridus

but·ter·bur

(bŭt'ĕr-bŭr)
Herbal remedy made from Petasites hybridus; purported uses in therapy for GI tract, GU tract, and in skin disease. Hepatotoxicity noted; as with most herbals, levels of active agent in formulation vary by manufacturer and batch.
Synonym(s): sweet coltsfoot, Western coltsfoot.

butterbur

(but'er-bur?)
An herb from which an herbal remedy is made for treatment of migraine headache and allergic rhinitis.
Synonym: Petasites hybridus

butterbur,

n Latin names:
Petasites hybridus, Petasites officinalis, Tussilago petasites; parts used: buds, leaves, roots, stems; uses: sedative, diuretic, pertussis, asthma, cough, arthritis, irritable bowel syndrome; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children; can cause nausea, vomiting, liver damage, constipation, stomach cramps, discoloration of the epidermis, dyspnea, carcinogenesis from pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Also called
blatterdock, bog rhubarb, bogshorns, European pestroot, flapperdock, langwort, sweet coltsfoot, umbrella leaves, or
western coltsfoot.
References in periodicals archive ?
Petasites hybridus root (butterbur) is an effective preventive treatment for migraine.
For this reason, we prefer to refer these communities to a Petasites hybridus basal phytocoenon (sensu Poldini & Sburlino, 2005).
Petasites is believed to prevent migraine by inhibiting peptidoleukotriene biosynthesis, possibly via calcium channel regulation.
Identification and characterization of inhibitors of peptido-leukotriene synthesis from Petasites hybridus.
butterbur (also known as petasites hybridus) for two weeks had the same reduction in symptoms as those taking the antihistamine cetirizine.
Antiinflammatory activity of an extract of Petasites hybridus in allergic rhinitis.
Anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties of Clerodendrum petasites.
Agents to be avoided include American hellebore, butterbur or other petasites, kava, marijuana, melatonin (available only as an orphan drug in the United States), mugwort, passion flower, quassia, rauwolfia, Siberian ginseng, taumelloolch, tulip tree, and valerian.
The herbal remedy, Petasites, can be of benefit and help relieve the pain of the muscular tightness.
Petasites hybridus extracts in vitro inhibit COX-2 and PGE2 release by direct interaction with the enzyme and by preventing p42/44 MAP kinase activation in rat primary microglial cells.
Petasites is a natural preparation with anti-spasmodic and pain-relieving properties.
Medicinal properties have been ascribed to the peculiar plant Petasites hybridus, common butterbur, since the first-century Greek physician Dioscurides used its pounded leaves to treat skin ulcers.