insecticide resistance

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insecticide resistance

the ability of a member of an insect population to withstand the toxic effects of an insecticide to the point that it now resists control with that chemical. The genes controlling resistance are thought to be present in low frequencies within a generally susceptible population before application of the chemical. After treatment, susceptible members of the population are removed and the survivors thrive, becoming common in the population which is then described as ‘resistant’.

insecticide

an agent that kills insects. May be applied by pour-on technique, dipping, spraydip, jetting, dusting powders. Insecticides come in a wide variety of chemical compounds. See also pyrethroids, rotenone, derris, chlorinated hydrocarbons, organophosphorus compound, arsenical, carbamates, triazines. The toxicity of an insecticidal preparation may be greatly altered by the agents used as emulsifiers and solvents. Called also pesticide.

insecticide resistance
insects exposed to one insecticide for long periods may develop a resistance to it and suffer no ill-effects when it is applied.
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Shampoo D contains a combination of ingredients (paw paw extract, thymol, and tea tree oil) which depletes ATP levels, and pesticide resistance is often ATP-dependent.
Reduced spraying means less money spent by growers on chemicals, less exposure for farm workers, decreased likelihood of lowering populations of beneficial insects, and less chance of creating pesticide resistance among problem insects.
From this reviewer's perspectives in insect toxicology and pesticide resistance, 2 of the most useful analyses described in the second volume are calculation of lethal dose ratios with 95% confidence limits (Chapter 9.
Carriere cautions that success depends on avoiding pesticide resistance.
And TREX (NYSE: TWP) is a maker of composite recyclable deck material from wood waste, with high durability and pesticide resistance.
Livestock Insects Research Laboratory in Kerrville, Texas, are finding ways to identify pesticide resistance in cattle fever ticks.
Chlorinated insecticides such as dieldren and heptachlor, and organophosphates such as parathion had promised to revolutionise crop protection, but in two decades had caused environmental contamination, residues in humans and animals and pesticide resistance.
Due to growing drug and pesticide resistance more people are dying from malaria now then they were 30 years ago, say experts in the disease.
However, owing to frequent natural disasters, increasing entering of alien species and serious pesticide resistance, the occurrence of crop diseases, insect pests and weeds is becoming more and more serious, which contributes to great challenges in crop protection, such as development and promotion of lowly toxic pesticides, the R&D of GM seeds.
With food at the center of global attention, the event hosted by the Bio-Research and Development Growth (BRDG) Park, Danforth Center and the Larta Institute, will feature presentations by "outside-the-box" entrepreneurs with revolutionary technology solutions to the industry's immediate challenges of resource constraints and crop and food shortages aggravated by droughts, environmental degradation, pestilence and increasingly limited pesticide resistance.
The workshop includes classroom lecture, interactive activities, and group discussion on biology and identification of vectors, vector-borne diseases of significance to public health, vector-borne diseases as bio-terror agents, development of strategic partners in rodent control, integrated pest management, health effects of pesticides, pesticide resistance, green pest management, urban rat control, mosquito control, ticks, and miscellaneous pest insects.
germanica to see how they develop pesticide resistance.

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