peroneus brevis

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peroneus brevis

[per′ənē′əs]
Etymology: Gk, perone + L, brevis, short
the smaller of the two lateral muscles of the leg, lying under the peroneus longus. It pronates and plantar flexes the foot. Compare peroneus longus.
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Peroneus brevis and peroneus longus

fibularis brevis

A muscle of the knee that arises from the distal two-thirds of the lateral fibula and the anterior and posterior crural intermuscular septa.

Action
Everts and plantarflexes foot.
 
Nerve
Superficial peroneal nerve.
 
Insertion
Lateral base of the 5th metatarsal.

peroneus brevis

The muscle arising from the distal two thirds of the lateral fibula and attaching to the styloid process of the base of the fifth metatarsal. The peroneus brevis assists in plantar flexion of the foot and eversion of the ankle.
See also: peroneus

peroneus brevis

; PB extrinsic foot muscle within the lateral compartment of lower leg
  • origin lower two-thirds of lateral surface of fibula, underlying the belly of peroneus longus

  • insertion tendon courses along lateral side of fibula, deep to peroneus longus (PL), lying within groove at posterior area of lateral malleolus (where it shares a common synovial sheath with PL tendon), deep to superior peroneal retinaculum; PB and PL tendons lie on lateral aspect of calcaneum and cuboid

  • nerve supply superficial peroneal nerve

  • action foot eversion at subtalar joint; ankle joint plantarflexion of the ankle joint

References in periodicals archive ?
The distally pedicled peroneus brevis muscle flap anatomic studies and clinical applications.
We present our experience with 20 patients who were treated successfully without major complications, using the distally based peroneus brevis muscle flap for the coverage of soft and bony tissue defects over the lower one third of leg, the Achilles tendon, and the lateral and medial malleolus.
METHODS: From march 2010 to march 2013, 20 patients undergone distally based Peroneus brevis muscle flap for the distal leg defects.
Surgical anatomy: Peroneus brevis muscle is deep muscle in the lateral compartment of leg.
Identified the peroneus longus and peroneus brevis muscle at the junction of middle one third and lower one third, long tendon peroneus longus and muscular portion of peroneus brevis.
The peroneus brevis muscle originates just inferior to the longus, from the distal two-thirds of the fibula and intermuscular septum.
The lateral compartment contains the peroneus longus and peroneus brevis muscles and the superficial branch of the common peroneal nerve.