All patients with chronic conduction disorder in whom no reversible cause was found and hence were candidate for permanent pacemaker
implantation were subjected to coronary angiography.
In fact, trials that have assessed the efficacy of PFO closure explicitly excluded patients with permanent pacemakers
as well as many ICD recipients because of their substantially impaired left ventricular function, such as in the CLOSURE I trial (N.
Dual chamber permanent pacemaker
was considered, and a right subclavian approach was used first.
Due to the high clinical suspicion for infective endocarditis (fever, chills and history of permanent pacemaker
placement), blood cultures were drawn and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed.
According to the 2008 ACC/AHA/HRS "Guidelines for Device-Based Therapy of Cardiac Rhythm Abnormalities: Executive Summary," permanent pacemaker
implantation is indicated for symptomatic patients with documented bradycardia (which includes sinus pauses of any type).
A total of 151 patients implanted with permanent pacemaker
were followed up every month for one year in the cardiology OPD.
She was implanted with a permanent pacemaker
at the age of 43 years for reasons unknown to the patient.
His electrocardiogram showed complete heart block and he underwent emergent temporary pacemaker insertion followed by a dual chamber permanent pacemaker
implantation the next day.
She has a history of a permanent pacemaker
for "cardiac conduction disease," atrial fibrillation, coronary artery disease, and hypothyroidism.
50th anniversary of the first successful permanent pacemaker
implantation in the United States: historical review and future directions.
22 had fewer symptoms as a result of initial temporary stimulation, and 20 of these then had a permanent pacemaker
surgically inserted into the stomach.
His past medical history included type II diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischaemic heart disease with stable angina and a permanent pacemaker