floppy infant

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floppy infant

Floppy infant syndrome Neonatology A neonate with poor muscle tone and/or response to stimulation of extremities caused by a heterogeneous group of neuromuscular and musculoskeletal disorders
Floppy infant causes
Bone disease Osteogenesis imperfecta, rickets
CNS Atonic diplegia, cerebellar ataxia, cerebral lipidosis, chromosome defects, kernicterus, Lowe's oculocerebrorenal syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Zellweger cerebrohepatocellular syndrome
Muscle disease Central core disease, glycogen storage disease type IIa–Pompe's disease, mitochondrial myopathies, muscular dystrophy, myotonic dystrophy, nemaline myopathy
Neuromuscular junction disease Botulism, myasthenia gravis
Peripheral nerve disease Amyotonia congenita, anterior horn cell disease, congenital sensory neuropathy, familial dysautonomia, Guillain-Barré syndrome, polyneuritis
Spinal cord disease Poliomyelitis, spinal cord trauma and tumors, transverse myelopathy, Werdnig-Hoffmann disease
Non-neuromuscular disease Endocrinopathies, metabolic disease, vitamin deficiency

flop·py in·fant

(flop'ē in'fănt)
A young child afflicted with neuromuscular or muscular disorders such that the limbs cannot move independently.
References in periodicals archive ?
Neurologic involvement in Legionnaires' disease includes encephalitis, meningitis, peripheral nerve disease, and brain stem abnormalities.
An equal number of age and sex matched non-diabetic children with no peripheral nerve disease attending the paediatric neurology OP of the SAT Hospital, Thiruvananthapuram for evaluation of headache or syncope were taken as the comparison group.
Public health company The US Food and Drug Administration disclosed on Friday that it has approved Onpattro (patisiran) infusion for the treatment of peripheral nerve disease (polyneuropathy) caused by hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis (hATTR) in adult patients under the new class of drugs, called siRNAs.
Most cases of acquired peripheral nerve disease resulted from injuries, and commonly only one limb is involved and frequently occur secondary to myopathy in recumbent adult cattle (VAN METRE et al., 2001).
Emerging evidence suggests that the central nervous system (CNS) is a key contributor to the problem of painful peripheral nerve disease in people with diabetes, according to a special article in the February issue of PAIN, the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) .
(14) Other possible contributors include coinfection with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), which has been associated with peripheral nerve disease and glucose intolerance with lipodystrophy.
The appearance of the patient is like a man being confined in a barrel.1 This rare syndrome is associated with cerebral hypoperfusion due to border zone infarcts that are generally present between the anterior and middle cerebral artery irrigation areas.2 In addition to many cerebral lesions with different natural characteristics that cause the upper limb-related fibres of the pyramidal corticospinal tract to be injured, cervical spinal cord lesions and peripheral nerve diseases may also be present with this disease.3 Herein we presented a patient with MIBS which was due to bilateral brachial plexopathy caused by recurrent microtrauma.
Familiarity to this condition is important to avoid misdiagnosing it with leprosy and other peripheral nerve diseases. An inability to feel pain may lead to repeated self-trauma (tongue, lips and finger tips) ultimately leading to self-mutilation.
Klein of the division of peripheral nerve diseases in the neurology department at the Mayo Clinic.
This clinically oriented diagnostic atlas features abundantly illustrated coverage of motor neuron and peripheral nerve diseases, myopathies and myasthenia, cerebral infarction and hemorrhage, dementia syndromes, extrapyramidal disorders, intracranial tumors, spinal tumors, developmental and familial disorders, pain syndromes & trauma, infections, multiple sclerosis, spinal disorders, cranial neuropathy, systemic disease, and epilepsy.
Peripheral nerve diseases 3rd edn., Saunder WB, Philadelphia, 1993; pp.
Topics covered include vascular disease, degenerative conditions, systems atrophies, brain tumours, infectious diseases, immune disorders and peripheral nerve diseases. Some areas are presented in intricate depth, while others by comparison are in overview.

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