The distance from the crest of marginal gingiva to mucogingival junction was measured by using a divider and the depth of the sulcus in the mid buccal region was measured with the help of a William's periodontal probe
to get the width of attached gingiva of incisors, premolars and first molar (a total of 12 teeth) of right quadrant of maxillary and mandibular region.
Every tooth was evaluated to determine pocket depth (mm) and clinical attachment level (mm, six measurements per tooth -mesiobuccal, buccal, distobuccal, mesiolingual, lingual and distolingual using a periodontal probe
Clinical measures of the severity of periodontal disease, such as bleeding on probing, probing depth (PD) and loss of clinical attachment level (CL) were determined using a conventional periodontal probe
(Hu-Friedy Chicago, IL).
After entering the basic information of the patients for example name, age, gender and address, state of the gums was assessed on dental chair by visual and tactile examination under dental unit light using a disposable mouth mirror and a blunt ball-ended periodontal probe
with an end diameter of 0.5mm, according to standardized method.
All measurements were recorded at 6 aspects on each of 6 Ramjford teeth (mesiobuccal, mid-buccal, distobuccal, mesiolingual, midl-lingual and disto lingual) by using a standard periodontal probe
(Williams probe) and non-magnifying dental mirror.
All probing measurements were recorded to the nearest millimeter with a manual 15 mm University of North Carolina (UNC-15) periodontal probe
. Clinical attachment level (CAL) was obtained by measuring the free gingival margin to the cementoenamel junction to obtain a positive or negative number.
Periodontal assessment included probing depth (PD) and CAL, measured to the nearest millimeter with a periodontal probe
(UNC-15, Hu-Friedy, Chicago, USA), the presence or absence of BOP, supragingival biofilm (VP), gingival marginal bleeding (GB), and suppuration (SUP).
After the debridement of the tooth structure is complete, the periodontal probe
is used to recheck the architecture of the pocket and to reconfirm the depth of the area to be treated with the laser.
See your dentist regularly, and make sure he or she does a periodontal probe
of your gums during each visit.
Baseline gingival recession height was measured with Williams periodontal probe
and grouped as group 1 (3-4mm), group 2 (5-7mm) and group 3 (greater than =8mm).
Probing depth and clinical attachment level were recorded using a Williams periodontal probe
at six sites per tooth (mesial, central, and distal; buccally as well as lingually/ palatally) using a customized acrylic stent as a reference to determine the site and angle of measurements, ensuring reproducibility during examinations.
A gingivectomy procedure classically is initiated by marking the deepest point of each pseudopocket on the external gingival wall with a pocket marker or periodontal probe
. A series of bleeding points is produced to function as a guide for the initial external beveled incision.