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Excision of a portion of the pericardium.
Synonym(s): pericardectomy
[pericardium + G. ektomē, excision]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Recurrent pericarditis distinguished by characteristic pain, fever, and a friction rub may be initial manifestation of myocardial iron deposition and occasionally requires pericardectomy to relieve constriction, ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation or sever refractory congestive heart failure.3
The patient is conscious and can breathe alone, but the effort of breathing, or the poor respiratory function (this latter can be because of the size of the scar, e.g., a bilateral thoracotomy with a butterfly incision in the case of a pericardectomy), is too much of a strain on the already overloaded heart.
According to guidelines, there are two therapeutic options for the treatment of constrictive pericarditis [5]: (i) pericardectomy which is considered the only definitive treatment and potential cure (although perioperative mortality is high); (ii) medical management, which is generally ineffective in most patients unless a prominent inflammatory component is present.
After pericardectomy, fourteen plunge needles (diameter 0.35-0.40 mm), each containing seven electrodes (interelectrode distance 0.65, 0.80 or 1 mm), was inserted into the LV free wall according to one of schemes (Fig.