Peplau, Hildegard E.

Etymology: 1909-1999
a pioneer in nursing theory development and a proponent in the 1950s of the concept that nursing is an interpersonal process. Borrowing heavily from the knowledge base of psychology, Peplau proposed hypotheses based on the premise of the interpersonal process. From the early work evolved a nursing goal to foster the assumption that humans value, strive for, and have a right to independence. In a 1952 work, Peplau wrote that the nurse-patient relationship occurs in phases during which the nurse functions as a resource person, a counselor, and a surrogate. The four phases of the process are orientation, identification, exploitation, and resolution. The nurse assists in orientation when a patient with a need seeks help. Identification assures the patient that the nurse can understand his or her situation. Exploitation begins when the patient uses the services available. Resolution is marked as old needs are met and newer ones emerge.
References in periodicals archive ?
Increases in intimacy parallel the process of increased breadth and depth of self-disclosure that characterizes relational progression (Altman & Taylor, 1973; Floyd, 1997), and self-disclosure has been found to play a crucial role in the development of meaningful interpersonal relationships (Altman & Taylor, 1973; Dindia, Fitzpatrick, & Kenny, 1997; Hendrick, 1981; Reisman, 1990; Rubin, Hill, Peplau, & Dunke-Schetter, 1980; Yalom, 1985).
Prior to Rogers' explication of her ideas, only Hildegard Peplau (1952) specified nursing as different from medicine.
It has been suggested that gender plays a larger role than does sexual orientation in how a person feels about relationships (Basow, 1986; Peplau, 1981).
However, although much was written by Peplau (9) about continuous nurse-patient relationships as applied to mental health nursing, nursing students rarely have the opportunity to experience a continuous nurse-patient relationship in a clinical setting.
Other researchers have noted these factors as important in affecting rapport among dating couples (Davis, Emerson, & Williams, 1997; Hatfield & Sprecher, 1986; Peplau 1979; Sprecher, 1988).
Schilit, Bush, Montagne, & Reyes, 1991; Pearlman, 1989; Peplau,
First, I want to note that it was Nightingale, not Peplau, who first specified nursing as different from medicine, and Rogers herself noted this.
Sexual frequency has been linked to both relational (Schwartz & Young, 2009) and sexual satisfaction (Laumann, Gagnon, Michael & Michaels, 1994; Peplau, Fingerhut & Beals, 2004) within couples and has been assessed across a wide variety of relationship types and compositions (Blair & Holmberg, 2008; Peplau et al.
Russell, Peplau, and Cutrona (1980) developed the 20-item revised version of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (Russell, Peplau, & Ferguson, 1978) to remedy problems with response bias and to improve discriminant validity.
Third, participants completed the 20-item UCLA Loneliness Scale (Russell, Peplau, & Cutrona, 1980), a reliable and valid measure of loneliness.
Awarded every four years, the Christiane Reimann Prize has previously been won by Virginia Henderson, "the world's most beloved nurse"; Dame Nita Barrow, an expert in public health and health education; Dame Sheila Quinn, a leader in establishing the position of nursing within Europe and improving nursing education throughout Europe; Mo-Im Kim, for enhancing the nursing profession at national and international levels; and Hildegard Peplau, for her revolutionary work in patient-nurse relationships which set the groundwork for the speciality of psychiatric nursing.
to avoid hurting a partner, to avoid conflict, to promote relationship success and to accommodate a partner's needs (Houts, 2005; Impett & Peplau, 2003).