Increases in intimacy parallel the process of increased breadth and depth of self-disclosure that characterizes relational progression (Altman & Taylor, 1973; Floyd, 1997), and self-disclosure has been found to play a crucial role in the development of meaningful interpersonal relationships (Altman & Taylor, 1973; Dindia, Fitzpatrick, & Kenny, 1997; Hendrick, 1981; Reisman, 1990; Rubin, Hill, Peplau
, & Dunke-Schetter, 1980; Yalom, 1985).
Prior to Rogers' explication of her ideas, only Hildegard Peplau
(1952) specified nursing as different from medicine.
It has been suggested that gender plays a larger role than does sexual orientation in how a person feels about relationships (Basow, 1986; Peplau
However, although much was written by Peplau
(9) about continuous nurse-patient relationships as applied to mental health nursing, nursing students rarely have the opportunity to experience a continuous nurse-patient relationship in a clinical setting.
Other researchers have noted these factors as important in affecting rapport among dating couples (Davis, Emerson, & Williams, 1997; Hatfield & Sprecher, 1986; Peplau
1979; Sprecher, 1988).
Schilit, Bush, Montagne, & Reyes, 1991; Pearlman, 1989; Peplau
First, I want to note that it was Nightingale, not Peplau
, who first specified nursing as different from medicine, and Rogers herself noted this.
Sexual frequency has been linked to both relational (Schwartz & Young, 2009) and sexual satisfaction (Laumann, Gagnon, Michael & Michaels, 1994; Peplau
, Fingerhut & Beals, 2004) within couples and has been assessed across a wide variety of relationship types and compositions (Blair & Holmberg, 2008; Peplau
, and Cutrona (1980) developed the 20-item revised version of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (Russell, Peplau
, & Ferguson, 1978) to remedy problems with response bias and to improve discriminant validity.
Third, participants completed the 20-item UCLA Loneliness Scale (Russell, Peplau
, & Cutrona, 1980), a reliable and valid measure of loneliness.
Awarded every four years, the Christiane Reimann Prize has previously been won by Virginia Henderson, "the world's most beloved nurse"; Dame Nita Barrow, an expert in public health and health education; Dame Sheila Quinn, a leader in establishing the position of nursing within Europe and improving nursing education throughout Europe; Mo-Im Kim, for enhancing the nursing profession at national and international levels; and Hildegard Peplau
, for her revolutionary work in patient-nurse relationships which set the groundwork for the speciality of psychiatric nursing.
to avoid hurting a partner, to avoid conflict, to promote relationship success and to accommodate a partner's needs (Houts, 2005; Impett & Peplau