Penicillium

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Related to Penicillium citrinum: Penicillium rubrum, Penicillium islandicum

Penicillium

 
a genus of imperfect fungi of the form-class Hyphomycetes; many species are commonly found in the human environment. Some are toxic, and others are sources of penicillins.

Penicillium

(pen'i-sil'ē-ŭm),
A genus of fungi (class Ascomycetes, order Aspergillales), some species of which yield various antibiotic substances and biologicals; for example, P. citrinum yields citrinin; Penicillium claviforme, Penicillium expansum, and Penicillium patulum yield patulin; Penicillium chrysogenum yields penicillin; Penicillium griseofulvum yields griseofulvin; Penicillium notatum yields penicillin and notatin; Penicillium cyclopium and Penicillium puberulum yield penicillic acid; Penicillium purpurogenum and Penicillium rubrum yield rubratoxin. Penicillium marneffei is a true pathogen in Southeast Asia in bamboo rats.
[see penicillus]

penicillium

(pĕn′ĭ-sĭl′ē-əm)
n. pl. peni·cilliums or peni·cillia (-sĭl′ē-ə)
Any of various characteristically bluish-green fungi of the genus Penicillium that grow as molds on decaying fruits and ripening cheese and are used in the production of antibiotics such as penicillin and in making cheese.

Pen·i·cil·li·um

(pen'i-sil'ē-ŭm)
A genus of fungi, some species of which yield various antibiotic substances and biologicals.
See: penicillus

Penicillium

(pĕn″ĭ-sĭl′ē-ŭm) [L. penicillum, brush]
Enlarge picture
PENICILLIUM IN CULTURE
A genus of molds belonging to the Ascomycetes (sac fungi). They form the blue molds that grow on fruits, bread, and cheese. A number of species (P. chrysogenum, P. notatum) are the source of penicillin. Occasionally in humans they produce infections of the external ear, skin, or respiratory passageways. They are common allergens. See: illustration

Penicillium marneffei

A species that may cause systemic infections, esp. in immunocompromised patients. It is found most often in Southeast Asia, where it frequently infects patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
illustration

Penicillium

One of a range of common blue-green moulds of the genus Penicillium , that grow on decaying fruits and ripening cheese. Penicillium species such as P. notatum and P. rubrum were originally studied by Fleming in investigating the properties of the antibiotic penicillin. (Alexander Fleming, 1881–1955, Scottish bacteriologist).

Pen·i·cil·li·um

(pen'i-sil'ē-ŭm)
Fungal genus; some species yield various antibiotic substances and biologicals.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) 3MLLC5 + +++ Penicillium citrinum (14) + 4MCMC16 Penicillium citrinum (1) + + 4MCMC4 Aspergillus niger (1) + 4MCMC8 Aspergillus ochraceus + + 3MCMC3 Sincephalastrum racemosum + (2) 4MCMC10 Trichoderma viride (1) + 4MCMC1 Porcentaje de inhibicion de los extractos de hongos marinos (%) 42.86 100 BACTERIAS Escherichia coli S.
Microorganisms MICs MFCs Aspergillus niger 3.25 mg/ml 3.75 mg/ml Aspergillus flavus 3.25 mg/ml 3.25 mg/ml Rhizopus oryza 3 mg/ml 5.25 mg/ml Penicillium citrinum 2.25 mg/ml 3.75 mg/ml Penicillium chrysogenum 1.875 mg/ml 3.75 mg/ml Table 2: Antioxidant activity and totals phenolic content of hops flower extract.
Optimization of xylanase production by Penicillium citrinum xym2 and application in saccharification of agro-residues.
(9.) Dutta, T.; Sengupta, R.; Sahoo, R.; Sinha Ray, S.; Bhattachaijee, A.; Ghosh, S., A novel cellulase free alkaliphilic xylanase from alkali tolerant Penicillium citrinum: production, purification and characterization.
(14.) Pimentel MCB, Krieger N, Coelho LCCB., Lipase from a Brazilian strain of Penicillium citrinum. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 1994; 177: 59-74.
An experimental study on the toxic effect, especially on the kidney of "yellowed rice" polluted by Penicillium citrinum Thom, as well as of citrinin, a pigment isolated from the mould.
Stimulatory effect of phosphate-solubilizing fungal strains (Aspergillus awamori and Penicillium citrinum) on the yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.