Penicillium


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Related to Penicillium: Penicillium marneffei

Penicillium

 
a genus of imperfect fungi of the form-class Hyphomycetes; many species are commonly found in the human environment. Some are toxic, and others are sources of penicillins.

Penicillium

(pen'i-sil'ē-ŭm),
A genus of fungi (class Ascomycetes, order Aspergillales), some species of which yield various antibiotic substances and biologicals; for example, P. citrinum yields citrinin; Penicillium claviforme, Penicillium expansum, and Penicillium patulum yield patulin; Penicillium chrysogenum yields penicillin; Penicillium griseofulvum yields griseofulvin; Penicillium notatum yields penicillin and notatin; Penicillium cyclopium and Penicillium puberulum yield penicillic acid; Penicillium purpurogenum and Penicillium rubrum yield rubratoxin. Penicillium marneffei is a true pathogen in Southeast Asia in bamboo rats.
[see penicillus]

penicillium

(pĕn′ĭ-sĭl′ē-əm)
n. pl. peni·cilliums or peni·cillia (-sĭl′ē-ə)
Any of various characteristically bluish-green fungi of the genus Penicillium that grow as molds on decaying fruits and ripening cheese and are used in the production of antibiotics such as penicillin and in making cheese.

Pen·i·cil·li·um

(pen'i-sil'ē-ŭm)
A genus of fungi, some species of which yield various antibiotic substances and biologicals.
See: penicillus

Penicillium

(pĕn″ĭ-sĭl′ē-ŭm) [L. penicillum, brush]
Enlarge picture
PENICILLIUM IN CULTURE
A genus of molds belonging to the Ascomycetes (sac fungi). They form the blue molds that grow on fruits, bread, and cheese. A number of species (P. chrysogenum, P. notatum) are the source of penicillin. Occasionally in humans they produce infections of the external ear, skin, or respiratory passageways. They are common allergens. See: illustration

Penicillium marneffei

A species that may cause systemic infections, esp. in immunocompromised patients. It is found most often in Southeast Asia, where it frequently infects patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
illustration

Penicillium

One of a range of common blue-green moulds of the genus Penicillium , that grow on decaying fruits and ripening cheese. Penicillium species such as P. notatum and P. rubrum were originally studied by Fleming in investigating the properties of the antibiotic penicillin. (Alexander Fleming, 1881–1955, Scottish bacteriologist).

Pen·i·cil·li·um

(pen'i-sil'ē-ŭm)
Fungal genus; some species yield various antibiotic substances and biologicals.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, Penicillium candidum strain (PCA 1/TT031) was able to synthesize different types of extracellular proteases (Alhelli et al., 2016).
According to the above-mentioned studies (16,18,19,22), frequency and sovereignty indicators illustrate that some species in the environment have been confirmed and replicated, such as Aspergillus, Fusarium, and Penicillium, despite the different environmental conditions of each study.
Keywords: Aspergillus, Penicillium, Anti-tuberculous, Phytotoxic, Insecticidal, Secondary metabolites.
Penicillium is a filamentous fungus, comprises of almost 225 species (Pitt et al., 2000).
Aspergillus and Penicillium (Eurotiales: Trichocomaceae) in soils of the Brazilian tropical dry forest: diversity in an area of environmental preservation.
We conclude that through soil disturbance, wallowing behavior makes spores readily available in infections (Mortierella spp., Penicillium spp., Mucor spp., Trichoderma spp.) in wallow soil.
To optimize the production of biosurfactants by the isolated Penicillium 8CC2, we investigated the influence of carbon and nitrogen sources by performing univariate experiments (Figure 1).
Of the nine isolates capable of synthesizing citric acid four isolates belonged to the genus Penicillium (P1, P2, P3, and P4) and five to the genus Aspergillus (A1, A2, A3, A4, and A6) (Figure 2(b)).
The main objectives of the present research work was to investigate the extraction of aluminum from low grade black shale ore using organic acid metabolites from acidophilic heterotrophs like Aspergillus niger and Penicillium notatum.