Peganum harmala


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Peganum harmala

(pĕ-gahn′ ŭm hahr′ mŭ-lŭ)
A weed, commonly known as Syrian rue and considered a livestock toxin, used for medicinal and spiritual purposes in many regions of the world. Extracts (tea) made from its seeds are consumed ceremonially in certain cultures. They contain beta-carboline alkaloids, a class of chemicals that increase levels of serotonin in the brain. Use of the extracts may induce hallucinations. Overdose may result in the serotonin syndrome.
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The addition of other psychoactive substances, like the kundur incense mentioned in Shia Islamic hadith, which combines frankincense and the entheogen Peganum harmala (Flattery & Schwartz 1989), would obviously synergize and potentiate the effects with inhalation of MAO-Inhibiting b-carbolines.
Peganine hydrochloride dihydrate isolated from Peganum harmala induced an apoptotic like death by inhibition of DNA topoisomerase I activity, resulting in parasite cell death (Khaliq et al.
In 1928, Elger proved that telepathine was identical to harmine, isolated years earlier from Peganum harmala L.
In addition to the mentioned medicinal plants, there are other valuable medicinal plants present in Wadi Araba, amongst the others are: Anastatica heirochuntica, Conyza incana, Haplophyllum tuberculatum, Maerua crassifolia, Ochradenus baccatus Peganum harmala, and Ricinus communis.
Eight plants were selected for this study: Cleome arabica, Citrullus colocynthis, Datura stramonium, Nerium oleander, Peganum harmala and Pistacia atlantica were collected in the area of Laghouat (400 km south of Algiers); Ricinus communis was obtained from Beni Isguen (Ghardaia, 600 km south of Algiers); and Pistacia lentiscus was collected from Berouaguia (Media, 88 km south of Algiers).
1), originally isolated from the seeds of Peganum harmala, is a tricyclic compound belonging to the [beta]-carboline alkaloids (Frost et al.
Some of these preparations are made by the admixture of extracted compounds like harmine plus DMT (pharmahuasca), while others are prepared with other botanical sources of [beta]-carbolines and tryptamines (anahuasca), like Peganum harmala [Syrian rue] seeds, a [beta]-carbolines source, in combination with the inner bark of Mimosa tenuiflora [jurema], a DMT-rich plant traditionally used in indigenous and syncretic rituals in Northeast Brazil (da Mota & Albuquerque 2002; Ott 1994).
The floral development and vascular anatomy of Peganum harmala.
vasicine and vasicinone in several botanicals such as Xylopia aethiopica, Peganum harmala epigeal parts, Areca catchu nuts and Gloriosa superba roots as abortifacient bioactive agents and/or their role in the contraction and relaxation of uterine muscles (9-12).
A total of 2,365 seedlings were counted during the study and six species were identified: Distichlis spicata, Peganum harmala, Helianthus paradoxus, Sporobolus airoides, Heliotropium curassavicum (seaside heliotrope) and Prosopis glandulosa (Table 2).