peer review

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peer review

 
1. a basic component of a quality assurance program in which the results of health care given to a specific patient population are evaluated according to health-wellness outcome criteria established by peers of the professionals delivering the care. Peer review is focused on the patient and on the results of care given by a group of professionals rather than on individual professional practitioners. Review by peer groups is promoted by professional organizations as a means of maintaining standards of care. Retrospective review critically evaluates the results of work that has been completed; it is done for purposes of improving future practice. The source of data is medical records which document the full continuum of care provided and each patient's response to that care. Concurrent review takes place at the time the care is being given. It critically examines each patient's progress toward desired health-wellness outcomes. Sources of data for concurrent review are the patient's record and interview, observation, and inspection of the patient. A major advantage of concurrent review is that it provides the opportunity to improve care so that patients benefit from the review and recommended changes in ongoing care.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the systematic evaluation of a peer's performance compared with professional standards of practice.
3. Evaluation of a manuscript or research proposal by professional colleagues.

peer re·view

(pēr rē-vyū'),
Process of evaluating research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, and abstracts submitted for presentation at a scientific meeting, whereby these are judged for technical and scientific merit by other scientists in the same field.

peer review1

an appraisal by professional coworkers of equal status of the way an individual health professional conducts practice, education, or research. The appraisal uses accepted standards as measures against which performance is weighed. See also Professional Standards Review Organization.

peer review2

a nursing intervention from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) defined as systematic evaluation of a peer's performance compared with professional standards of practice. See also Nursing Interventions Classification.

peer review

The objective evaluation of the quality of a physician's or a scientist's performance by colleagues Medtalk The evaluation of a practitioner's professional performance, including identification of opportunities for improving the quality, necessity, and appropriateness–suitability of care; peer review organizations–PROs in the US contract with the CMS, formerly HCFA. See Peer-reviewed journal, Peer review organization.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.

peer review,

n 1. a retrospective consideration or an examination by one or more individuals of equal standing or rank.
n 2. a process established to provide for review by licensed dental professionals of the care by a dental professional for a single patient; disputes regarding fees; cases submitted by carriers and initiated by patients or dental professionals; and quality of care and appropriateness of treatment.
peer review organization (PRO),
n an organization established by an amendment of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982 (TEFRA) to provide for the review of medical services furnished primarily in a hospital setting or in conjunction with care provided under the Medicare and Medicaid programs. In addition to their review and monitoring functions, these entities can invoke sanctions, penalties, or other corrective actions for noncompliance in organization standards.
peer review system,
n a professionally sponsored and operated system for the rendering of professional judgment on disagreements between or among dental professionals, patients, or fiscal intermediaries, respecting quality of care and related matters.

peer review

judgments of other scientists who work in the same field on the merits of papers submitted for publication, applications for reseach funding,
References in periodicals archive ?
Needless to say, Schneider has not followed his own stringent rule about citing only peer-reviewed articles when discussing scientific issues and public policy.
One of the RSC's journals can post electronic versions of peer-reviewed, author-revised papers as soon as 70 days after submission, notes Parker.
Berry argues that more rapid electronic publishing of peer-reviewed papers isn't enough.
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This academic peer-reviewed journal will help physicians educate medical staff and patients to ensure optimal care of mother and child.
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology is a peer-reviewed journal published bimonthly in print and online.
Tissue Engineering is an authoritative peer-reviewed journal published bimonthly in print and online that brings together scientific and medical experts in the fields of biomedical engineering, material science, molecular and cellular biology, and genetic engineering.
Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders is the only peer-reviewed journal to focus solely on the pathophysiology, recognition, and treatment of metabolic syndrome.
More effective treatments for chronic pain associated with inflammation, such as the pain caused by arthritis, inflammatory bowel disorders, burns, neuropathy, and some types of cancer, could take the form of gene therapy to block changes in sensory nerve cells that over-stimulate peripheral nerve endings, causing pain, as described in the February issue (Volume 16, Number 2) of Human Gene Therapy, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Embryonic stem cells grown on three-dimensional biocompatible scaffolds exhibited more efficient differentiation into a variety of hematopoietic progenitor cells, as reported in the February (Volume 11, Number 1-2) issue of Tissue Engineering, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.