See Paul Unschuld, Huang di nei jing su wen: Nature, Knowledge, Imagery in an Ancient Chinese Medical Text (Berkeley and Los Angeles: Univ.
(32.) Paul Unschuld, Medicine in China: A History of Ideas (Berkeley and Los Angeles: Univ.
In a public lecture in 2008, sinologist and historian of Chinese medicine Paul Unschuld shared a cross-cultural shift he observes in the TCM theoretical paradigm in the United States: Historically a mainly agrarian culture, Chinese traditionally analogizes human bodily functions with water irrigations and rivers; on the other hand, non-Chinese American TCM practitioners and patients, first introduced to TCM during an era of energy crisis, understand human mechanisms through the analogy of energy, where human body is seen as something like a battery.
(21.) Paul Unschuld, "Chinese Medicine and Western Healthcare Systems: Is Integration Possible?" (Public lecture in Berkeley, CA, November 11, 2008).