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Benner, Patricia

a nursing theorist who confirmed the levels of skill acquisition in nursing practice in From Novice to Expert: Excellence and Power in Clinical Nursing Practice (1984). Benner used systematic descriptions of five stages: novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert. Thirty-one competencies emerged from an analysis of actual patient care episodes. From this work seven areas of nursing practice having a number of competencies with similar intents, functions, and meanings developed. They are identified as (1) the helping role, (2) the teaching-coaching function, (3) the diagnostic and patient-monitoring function, (4) effective management of rapidly changing situations, (5) administering and monitoring therapeutic interventions and regimens, (6) monitoring and ensuring the quality of health care practices, and (7) organizational work-role competencies. Benner's work describes nursing practice in the context of what nursing actually is and does rather than from context-free theoretic descriptions.
References in periodicals archive ?
Always a Patricia is a sequel in which Frost returns to the battlefields of his youth, this time to honour a pledge made to his comrades to build a monument to all those who fell in Italy, soldiers and civilians alike.
After Patricia graduated in 1999, it was Regenia's turn Living with her older sister allowed Regenia to get her master's at Texas Woman's University in 2000 with less financial strain.
An ambulance took Patricia to the University Hospital of Wales where she spent the night under anaesthetic before a complicated operation by a surgeon to treat the injuries.
It was only years later, while interviewing for the book, that Patricia learned of the personal hardships and sacrifices made by individuals and families during the struggle.
Patricia Labalme was associated with the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton for fifteen years, serving as Associate Director (1982-88) and Secretary of the Corporation (1982-92), and Assistant to the Director (1992-97).
Although Patricia understands why the CPS caseworkers intervened in the family violence she and her children experienced, she and the state had very different ideas on how to improve the situation.
En la adolescencia, Patricia noto que su cuerpo era un poco mas regordete que el de su hermana.
Two characters tentatively reach the same position regarding the motto: Dovey Morgan realizes that "specifying it, particularizing it, nailing its meaning down, was futile" (93), and Patricia Best concludes that it probably was meant to be a "conundrum" and "to have multiple meanings" (195).
Find more information on Patricia Nell Warren, The Wild Man, and links to related Internet sites at www.
Catherine and Patricia Eagon and their colleagues have yet to find an answer to the cancer-related questions about herbal remedies, but their preliminary findings have yielded important information for women who are not at high risk of breast cancer.
Enter PATRICIA ARQUETTE, Throughout the scene, the camera suffers from attention-deficiency syndrome, sporadically drifting off from the speaker.