narcissistic personality disorder

(redirected from Pathological narcissism)
Also found in: Dictionary.

narcissistic personality disorder

 
a personality disorder marked by a grandiose sense of self-importance. Patients are preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love. In spite of these fantasies, they are troubled by a sense of inadequacy and respond to criticism, defeat, or rejection either by indifference or by feelings of rage, shame, humiliation, or emptiness. Their relationships with others are disturbed by expectations of special favors, exploitativeness, overidealization and devaluation of others, and a lack of empathy.

nar·cis·sis·tic per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der

1. a pervasive pattern in adulthood of self-centeredness, self-importance, lack of empathy for others, sense of entitlement, and viewing others largely as objects to meet one's needs, manifested in a variety of contexts.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met. Compare: autosynnoia.

narcissistic personality disorder

narcissistic personality disorder

[när′sisis′tik]
a psychiatric diagnosis characterized by an exaggerated sense of self-importance and uniqueness, an abnormal need for attention and admiration, preoccupation with grandiose fantasies concerning the self, and disturbances in interpersonal relationships, usually involving the exploitation of others and a lack of empathy.

narcissistic personality disorder

Autophilia, narcism, narcissism, self-centeredness, self-love Psychiatry A condition characterized by '…a pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration, and lack of empathy that begins in early adulthood…'; ±1% of the general population, and 2-16% of the clinical population has NPD. See Autoeroticism, Autosexual.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder > 5 of following criteria
1. Requires excessive admiration
.
2. Grandiose sense of self-importance; believes self to be superior
.
3. Preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance
.
4. Believes that he/she is special and should have only the best
.
5. Has sense of entitlement, ie deserves special favors or treatment
.
6. Exploits interpersonal relations, ie takes advantage of others
.
7. Lacks empathy and concern for others
.
8. Is envious of others or believes them to be envious of him/her
.
9. Displays arrogance
Modified from *Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed, Am Psychiatric Asso, 1994
.

nar·cis·sis·tic per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der

(nahr-si-sistik pĕr-sŏ-nali-tē dis-ōrdĕr)
Pervasive pattern in adulthood of self-centeredness, self-importance, lack of empathy, sense of entitlement, and viewing others largely as objects to meet one's needs, manifested in a variety of contexts.
Compare: autosynnoia
References in periodicals archive ?
In Understanding and Treating Pathological Narcissism (Ed.
What Augustine describes as monstrous vanity, with an attendant lack of emotion and affection, is now described in more clinical terms as pathological narcissism.
22) Kernberg is of the opinion that self-hatred rather than self-love lies at the root of pathological narcissism.
Cultural historian, Christopher Lasch (1932-1994) originally posited that narcissism and individualism were related through exploring the roots and ramifications of pathological narcissism in the United States' culture using psychological, cultural, artistic, and historical synthesis (Lasch 1979).
Self relations, object relations, and pathological narcissism.
Medical intervention for the purpose of enhancement would tend to foster, instead, pathological narcissism, social injustice, and reduced moral accountability.
Parenthetically, institutional disregard of patients' personal liberty can promote defensive behaviors that might be diagnostically linked to pathological narcissism.
Some of these ideas have been developed further in recent psychoanalytic theory and practice, and have proved to be of great significance for our knowledge about the basic premisses and consequences of a too high level of narcissism, or what we call pathological narcissism (Kernberg, 1975; Kohut, 1977).
In contrast to pathological narcissism is empathy, a capacity developed through early relations between parent and child that allows a person to understand through a similarity or reverberation of feeling the feelings of someone else.
This could be seen in all the work by women--among them Angela Bulloch, Janine Antoni, Sylvie Fleury, and Smith, as well as in the surprising video by Cheryl Donegan--but it was also revealed in the pathological narcissism of Sean Landers and in the provocative sarcasm of Carsten Holler, both of whom are men.