Echocardiographic evaluation of patent foramen ovale
prior to device closure.
Henninger, "Prevalence of pelvic vein pathology in patients with cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale
undergoing MRV pelvis," Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol.
Thaler et al., "Closure of patent foramen ovale
versus medical therapy after cryptogenic stroke," New England Journal of Medicine, vol.
Prothrombotic mutations as risk factors for cryptogenic ischemic cerebrovascular events in young subjects with patent foramen ovale
. Stroke 2007; 38:2070-3.
Stroke-like symptoms may also develop from cerebral nitrogen bubble emboli in patients who have a paradoxical embolization via a patent foramen ovale
or air embolization from pulmonary venous embolization after alveolar barotrauma .
V Franciosa, "Acute Renal Infarction With Heritable Coagulopathy and Patent Foramen Ovale
," Radiology Case Reports, vol.
The diagnosis of postpneumonectomy syndrome or platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome was ruled out in this patient (no dyspnea in the upright position and absence of a patent foramen ovale
Structural abnormalities include atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, and patent foramen ovale
Previous research have suggested that patent ductus arteriosus and patent foramen ovale
are present in 45% and 62% of full-term babies during their first 60 hours of life .
Bennis, "Patent foramen ovale
: A new disease?" International Journal of Cardiology, vol.
His transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrated a large highly mobile elongated mass consistent with thrombus (asterisk Figure 1(a)) in the right atrium which crosses the interatrial septum, presumably through a patent foramen ovale
(arrow Figure 1(a)) into the left atrium.