Pasteurella multocida


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Pas·teu·rel·la mul·to·ci·da

a bacterial species that causes fowl cholera and hemorrhagic septicemia in sheep and goats, shipping fever in cattle, bronchopneumonia in swine, and other forms of disease in many warm-blooded animals; may infect dog or cat bites or scratches and cause cellulitis and septicemia in humans, especially those with chronic disease or those who are immunocompromised. Most common pathogen associated with cat and dog bites. Cause of pasteurellosis; of economic importance in rabbits (syn snuffles); in rabbits clinical signs include abscesses, pneumonia, purulent rhinitis, genital, eye or inner ear infections. May be part of the normal flora in cattle, sheep, birds, and other animals. It is the type species of the Pasteurella.

Pas·teu·rel·la mul·to·ci·da

(pas'tūr-el'ă mŭl'tō-sī'dă)
A bacterial species that causes fowl cholera and hemorrhagic septicemia in warm-blooded animals and may infect dog or cat bites or scratches and cause cellulitis and septicemia in humans with chronic disease. The most common pathogen associated with cat and dog bites. It is the type species of the genus Pasteurella.

Pasteurella multocida

A species found in the oral cavities of cats, dogs, and other animals. It may be transmitted to humans by animal bites, and may cause cellulitis, abscesses, osteomyelitis, pneumonia, peritonitis, or meningitis. Penicillins, doxycycline, or cephalosporins are used to treat the infection.
See also: Pasteurella

Pasteur,

Louis, French chemist and bacteriologist, 1822-1895.
Pasteurella
Pasteurella aerogenes - species found in swine that can cause human wound infections following a pig bit.
Pasteurella multocida - bacterial species associated with dogs and cats.
Pasteurella pestis - Synonym(s): Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
Pasteurella "SP" - a rarely encountered organism that can cause infection after a guinea pig bite
Pasteurella tularensis - Synonym(s): Francisella tularensis
Pasteur effect - the inhibition of fermentation by oxygen, first observed by Pasteur.
Pasteur pipette - a cotton-plugged, glass tube drawn out to a fine tip, used for the sterile transfer of small volumes of fluid.
Pasteur vaccine
pasteurellosis - infection with bacteria of Pasteurella.
pasteurization - bacteria destruction process.
pasteurizer - pasteurization apparatus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Severe Pasteurella multocida infections in pregnant women Scand J Infect Dis 1992:24:453-456
Experimental transmission of Pasteurella multocida from raccoons to turkeys via bite wounds.
Pasteurella multocida septicemia and peritonitis in a patient with cirrhosis: case report and review of the literature.
7] cfu/g) and Pasteurella multocida in the faeces, intestine and lungs of fattening rabbits, respectively, after administration of probiotics No of infected rabbits/No Period (age) of total rabbits (%) Control-group Growing (38-62 days) E.
Other Pasteurellaceae, particularly Bibersteinia trehalosi and Pasteurella multocida, have been more frequently isolated from pneumonia-affected animals during natural outbreaks than has M.
To assess humoral immune response, all calves were sensitized with formalin inactivated Pasteurella multocida antigen at 135 days of experimental feeding and blood was collected on 0, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days post vaccination (DPV) to measure antibody production using indirect ELISA.
In this study we evaluated sub-MIC antibiotic effects on a bovine respiratory pathogen Pasteurella multocida using systems approaches.
Studies show that use of oral antibiotics for all types of dog bite wounds reduces the risk of infection by nearly 50%, (5) Common bacteria isolated from bite wounds include Capnocytophaga canimorsus, Pasteurella multocida, (8) streptococci, (9) and a range of other aerobic and anaerobic pathogens.
Pasteurella multocida has not been linked to meningitis
Mild to severe inflammation of the external ear associated with bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Pasteurella multocida, Proteus mirabilis, and Enterococcus species has been described?
Complete nucleotide sequence of an avian isolate of Pasteurella multocida.
Hubbert WT, Rosen MN II: Pasteurella multocida infections in man unrelated to animal bite.

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