Pasteurella multocida


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Pas·teu·rel·la mul·to·ci·da

a bacterial species that causes fowl cholera and hemorrhagic septicemia in sheep and goats, shipping fever in cattle, bronchopneumonia in swine, and other forms of disease in many warm-blooded animals; may infect dog or cat bites or scratches and cause cellulitis and septicemia in humans, especially those with chronic disease or those who are immunocompromised. Most common pathogen associated with cat and dog bites. Cause of pasteurellosis; of economic importance in rabbits (syn snuffles); in rabbits clinical signs include abscesses, pneumonia, purulent rhinitis, genital, eye or inner ear infections. May be part of the normal flora in cattle, sheep, birds, and other animals. It is the type species of the Pasteurella.

Pas·teu·rel·la mul·to·ci·da

(pas'tūr-el'ă mŭl'tō-sī'dă)
A bacterial species that causes fowl cholera and hemorrhagic septicemia in warm-blooded animals and may infect dog or cat bites or scratches and cause cellulitis and septicemia in humans with chronic disease. The most common pathogen associated with cat and dog bites. It is the type species of the genus Pasteurella.

Pasteurella multocida

A species found in the oral cavities of cats, dogs, and other animals. It may be transmitted to humans by animal bites, and may cause cellulitis, abscesses, osteomyelitis, pneumonia, peritonitis, or meningitis. Penicillins, doxycycline, or cephalosporins are used to treat the infection.
See also: Pasteurella

Pasteur,

Louis, French chemist and bacteriologist, 1822-1895.
Pasteurella
Pasteurella aerogenes - species found in swine that can cause human wound infections following a pig bit.
Pasteurella multocida - bacterial species associated with dogs and cats.
Pasteurella pestis - Synonym(s): Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
Pasteurella "SP" - a rarely encountered organism that can cause infection after a guinea pig bite
Pasteurella tularensis - Synonym(s): Francisella tularensis
Pasteur effect - the inhibition of fermentation by oxygen, first observed by Pasteur.
Pasteur pipette - a cotton-plugged, glass tube drawn out to a fine tip, used for the sterile transfer of small volumes of fluid.
Pasteur vaccine
pasteurellosis - infection with bacteria of Pasteurella.
pasteurization - bacteria destruction process.
pasteurizer - pasteurization apparatus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Boyce, "Role of capsule in the pathogenesis of fowl cholera caused by Pasteurella multocida serogroup A," Infection and Immunity, vol.
Antibody titer of the calves at day 0, 14, 28 and 42 against three strains of FMD virus and against Pasteurella multocida is shown in Figure 3.
Christensen, "Diagnostic and typing options for investigating diseases associated with Pasteurella multocida" Veterinary Microbiology, vol.
Compounds MIC in [micro]g/mL Escherichia coli Staphylococcus aureus 2 7.250 58 3 58 117 4 0.453 7.250 5 1.812 7.250 Compounds MIC in [micro]g/mL Pasteurella multocida Bacillus subtilis 2 3.625 117 3 1870 1812 4 0.453 0.453 5 0.056 0.906
Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antibacterial agents against Mannheimia haemolytica and Pasteurella multocida was investigated and no resistance was detected for ceftiofur and florfenicol.
In vitro antimicrobial activity by well diffusion method: The antimicrobial activity of the ethanolic extract of endophytic fungi was tested against the Pasteurella multocida capsular type A, Pig strain collected from the Microbiology Department, College of Veterinary Science, Assam, India.
In vitro activity of oral antimicrobial agents against clinical isolates of Pasteurella multocida. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis, 30(2), 99102.
Acute infection of a total knee arthroplasty caused by Pasteurella multocida: a case report and a comprehensive review of the literature in the last 10 years.
However, Pasteurella multocida is more commonly associated with systemic involvements including respiratory infections.
Shipping fever in cattle and sheep, and enzootic pneumonia of sheep and goats are considered caused by Pasteurella multocida, alone or associated to other pathogens.

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