Pasteurella


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Pasteurella: Pasteurella pestis

Pasteurella

 [pas″tĕ-rel´ah]
a genus of gram-negative, nonmotile, facultatively anaerobic, ovoid to rod-shaped bacteria. P. multoci´da is the etiologic agent of hemorrhagic septicemia. P. haemoly´tica and P. pneumotro´pica are animal pathogens that sometimes cause infection in humans.

Pasteurella

(pas'tū-rel'ă),
A genus of aerobic to facultatively anaerobic, nonmotile bacteria containing small, gram-negative, cocci or ellipsoid to elongated rods that, with special methods, may show bipolar staining. These organisms are parasites of humans and other animals, including birds. The type species is Pasteurella multocida.
[L. Pasteur]

pas·teu·rel·la

, pl.

pas·teu·rel·lae

(pas'tū-rel'ă, pas-tūr-el'ē),
A vernacular term used to refer to any member of the genus Pasteurella.

Pas·teu·rel·la

(pastyūr-elă)
A genus of aerobic to facultatively anaerobic, nonmotile bacteria (family Brucellaceae) containing small, gram-negative cocci or ellipsoidal to elongated rods that, with special methods, may show bipolar staining. These organisms are parasites of humans and other animals, including birds. The type species is P. multocida.
[L. Pasteur]

pas·teu·rel·la

, pl. pasteurellae (pas'tūr-el'ă, -lē)
A vernacular term used to refer to any member of the genus Pasteurella.

Pasteur,

Louis, French chemist and bacteriologist, 1822-1895.
Pasteurella
Pasteurella aerogenes - species found in swine that can cause human wound infections following a pig bit.
Pasteurella multocida - bacterial species associated with dogs and cats.
Pasteurella pestis - Synonym(s): Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
Pasteurella "SP" - a rarely encountered organism that can cause infection after a guinea pig bite
Pasteurella tularensis - Synonym(s): Francisella tularensis
Pasteur effect - the inhibition of fermentation by oxygen, first observed by Pasteur.
Pasteur pipette - a cotton-plugged, glass tube drawn out to a fine tip, used for the sterile transfer of small volumes of fluid.
Pasteur vaccine
pasteurellosis - infection with bacteria of Pasteurella.
pasteurization - bacteria destruction process.
pasteurizer - pasteurization apparatus.

Pas·teu·rel·la

(pastyŭr-elă)
Genus of aerobic to facultatively anaerobic, nonmotile bacteria containing small, gram-negative, cocci or ellipsoid-to-elongated rods; parasitic in humans and other animals, including birds. The type species is P. multocida.
[L. Pasteur]
References in periodicals archive ?
Biological characterization of Pasteurella multocida present in the Saiga population.
Bovine viral diarrhea viral infections in feeder calves with respiratory disease: interactions with Pasteurella spp., parainfluenza- 3 virus, and bovine respiratory syncytial virus.
(11) Penicillin or ampicillin are the most effective antimicrobials against Pasteurella species and second and third-generation cephalosporins, tetracyclines, and chloramphenicol are suitable alternatives in case of penicillin allergy.
Role of Pasteurella multocida porin on cytokine expression and release by murine splenocytes.
Geometric mean titer (GMT) and standard deviation (SD) of treated groups is shown in Figure 1 for Pasteurella multocida ant three strains of FMD virus i.e.
A Pasteurella multocida gatF mutant (AL2116) was also used that was unable to assemble the external core of LPS beyond Glc IV; GatF is the galactosyltransferase which adds Gal I to the 4th position of the Glc IV [38]; in these experiments no bacteria were seen to adhere to the respiratory nasal epithelium; moreover, LPS staining with Limulus polyphemus colloidal gold-labeled lectin was very poor or was completely absent, and no ultrastructural changes in the respiratory epithelium were observed after challenge with the mutant strain (kindly donated by Dr.
MIC of compound 2 against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pasteurella multocida, and Bacillus subtilis was found to be 7.250, 58, 3.625, and 117 [micro]g/mL, respectively, which was improved to 0.453, 7.250, 0.453, and 0.453 when it remained linked with efflux pump inhibitor to form hybrid compound 4.
Keywords: Pasteurella multocida, Vaccinal strain, MIC, Metronidazole
Pasteurella multocida is recognized to cause many important diseases in animals and birds and represents an important veterinary pathogen.
The organism was identified via VITEK MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry (VITEK MS) as Pasteurella multocida.