Pasteur


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Related to Pasteur: Louis Pasteur, Pasteur effect

Pasteur

 [pas-ter´]
Louis (1822–1895). French chemist and bacteriologist, founder of microbiology and developer of the method of vaccination by attenuated virus. By optical investigation of racemic acid, he discovered a new class of isomeric substances which led to work by others on stereochemistry and for which he received the ribbon of the Legion of Honor. Pasteur came to the rescue of the wine industry by his interest in fermentation, and showed that spoiling of wine caused by microorganisms could be prevented by partial heat sterilization (pasteurization), a process now applied to many perishable foods. Experimental foundation was given to his ideas of fermentation and the long-accepted theory of spontaneous generation was disposed of once and for all. Later he came to the rescue of the silkworm industry and found methods for detecting and preventing pébrine and flâcherie, the two diseases that were destroying it. He turned his attention then to anthrax, chicken cholera, and hydrophobia (rabies), and developed preventive inoculations against them. The Pasteur Institute was opened shortly thereafter and institutions were founded all over the world for inoculation against rabies.

Pas·teur

(pas-tur'),
Louis, French chemist and bacteriologist, 1822-1895. See: Pasteur vaccine, Pasteur effect, Pasteur pipette.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pasteur's success was due to his creativity combined with a rigorous experimental technique.
"LG Household & Health Care is reviewing publicly available information on Pasteur, but no specific details have been determined as of July 20, 2010", said LG Household's CFO Kyoo-Il Lee.
As the world's largest supplier of influenza vaccine, Sanofi Pasteur is currently implementing its internal pandemic preparedness plans to ensure its continued ability to fulfill its public health mission to produce the largest number of doses of vaccine in the shortest time frame to face the threat of pandemic influenza while maintaining the production of other life-saving vaccines.
It also represents a new and significant milestone in the collaboration between the Institut Pasteur and a group sharing Pasteurian roots, dedicated to biology and serving public health worldwide.
Of late years Mr Pasteur had devoted himself to the study of inoculation for diseases other than smallpox, and achieved remarkable results in the prevention of hydrophobia.
Sanofi pasteur produces approximately half of the influenza vaccine distributed worldwide and more than 40 percent of influenza vaccine distributed in the U.S.
Developed within the framework of FLUPAN, a collaborative research project funded by the European Commission, sanofi pasteur said the trial will broaden its pandemic preparedness program initiated with the development of H5N1 vaccines.
Aventis Pasteur is making an initial up front payment to Provalis and will pay all costs, back dated to May this year, connected with the development and patenting of the vaccine candidates.
Jonathan Van-Tam,medical director of Aventis Pasteur MSD in the UK, said: ``The non-inactivated vaccine never left the factory.
Furthermore, the first wave of tropical medicine was driven by the self-interest of colonial powers, according to Mohammed Hassar, director of the Institut Pasteur du Maroc in Casablanca.
PASTEUR provided a timely fillip for owner Ann O'Brien when heading a one-two for trainer Noel Meade in the Lartigue Hurdle, writes Tony O'Hehir.
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-26 March 2001-Active Biotech and Aventis Pasteur sign marketing and distribution deal in Sweden(C)1994-2001 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.m2.com