For the passphrase
, even if the hacker knows there are exactly six English words of 5 to 11 letters each, and given the average American has a vocabulary of about 19,000 such words, the passphrase
would have about 85 bits of entropy, according to NIST.
(c) Parse out the SSID and passphrase
from the unencrypted string
Even though WPA/WPA2 is said to be robust, it is still protected by a passphrase
which can be cracked by using "Dictionary Attack".
Enter "DSA and Elgamal" for key kind, 2048 for key size, "key does not expire" for key expiration date, "Michael" for real name, email@example.com for email address, "Mike's keys" as comment, and "Mike's passphrase
" for passphrase
You can select to have your computer automatically connect to this network, so you won't have to enter the SSID, passphrase
and other information every time you connect to the Internet.
And if you are setting up your own network without an authentication server, be sure to use a strong PSK passphrase
(with both WPA and WPA2 networks).
The new technique, commonly known as Dynamic Pre-Shared Key (PSK), effectively eliminates tedious and time-consuming manual installation of encryption keys, passphrases
or user credentials needed to securely access a wireless network.
Valimo enables mobile phone users to securely authenticate themselves, digitally sign documents and confirm legally binding transactions simply by entering a self-chosen passphrase
or a PIN code.
"As our colleagues at EvilPacket have discovered, the unit's integral GPS interface can be hacked in such a way that a MiFi user visiting a malicious Web site can have their geographic location and passphrase
revealed without their permission," said Richard Kirk, European director with the application vulnerability specialist.
Those included "dictionary" attacks, so-called because they generate a series of likely guesses at the network's decryption key or passphrase
. EAP-FAST is now an open international standard.<p>For the next 90 days, support for the two newly added EAP types will be optional in WPA2-certified products, said Edgar Figueroa, executive director of the Wi-Fi Alliance.
keyboard other than the searched-for passphrase
is of no
While readers were most interested in T-Mobile losing its Starbucks contract to AT&T (February), they also looked at a pair of 2003 items on WPA passphrase
weakness (my introduction and a paper on the topic), perused my outdated 2006 essay on not buying into early Draft N gear, and followed a dead link from an item about installing a free WPA client (no longer available) for Windows 2000.