The characteristic Parkinsonian gait pattern has several hypokinetic features including reduced stride length, velocity and step height resulting in short shuffling steps, associated with a flexed posture and poor arm swing (Peppe, Chiavalon, Pasqualetti, Crovato, & Caltagirone, 2007).
This together with a reduced arm swing and stooped posture gives the presentation of a Parkinsonian gait pattern (Friedman, 2012).
There are, however, some characteristic differences between an ageing gait and a Parkinsonian gait, which may only be observed through clinical gait analysis and analysis of spatiotemporal, kinematic and kinetic data.
Results: At enrollment, 85 subjects had neurologic gait abnormalities of the following types: unsteady gait (in 31 subjects), frontal gait (in 12 subjects), hemiparetic gait (in 11 subjects), neuropathic gait (in 10 subjects), parkinsonian gait (in eight subjects), and spastic gait (in two subjects).
Our recent work exploring the effects of concurrent music on steady-state parkinsonian gait has provided further support regarding the dual and multitask limitations experienced by people with PD .
In dealing with these demands, it would be valuable for the management of parkinsonian gait deficits to develop multitask training protocols that extend beyond the relative simplicity of steady-state gait to include functional gait activities.