parkinsonism

(redirected from Parkinsonian disorders)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Parkinsonian disorders: Parkinsonism, Parkinson's syndrome, parkinsonian syndrome

parkinsonism

 [pahr´kin-sun-izm]
any disorder manifesting the symptoms of parkinson's disease or any such symptom complex occurring secondarily to another disorder, such as encephalitis, cerebral arteriosclerosis, poisoning with certain toxins, and neurosyphilis.

par·kin·son·ism

(par'kin-son-izm),
1. A neurologic syndrome usually resulting from deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine as the consequence of degenerative, vascular, or inflammatory changes in the basal ganglia; characterized by rhythmic muscular tremors, rigidity of movement, festination, droopy posture, and masklike facies. Synonym(s): Parkinson disease, shaking palsy, trembling palsy
2. A syndrome similar to parkinsonism. Some features seen with Parkinson disease that occur with other disorders (for example, progressive supranuclear palsy) or as a side effect of certain medications (for example, antipsychotic drugs).
[J. Parkinson]

parkinsonism

or

Parkinsonism

(pär′kĭn-sə-nĭz′əm)
n.
1. A syndrome characterized by tremor, muscular rigidity, slowness of movement, and postural and balance abnormalities, caused by Parkinson's disease or other diseases or induced by trauma, infection, or a drug. Also called Parkinson's syndrome.
2. Parkinson's disease.

par′kin·so′ni·an (-sō′nē-ən) adj.

par·kin·son·ism

(pahr'kin-sŏn-izm)
1. A neurologic syndrome usually resulting from deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine as the consequence of degenerative, vascular, or inflammatory changes in the basal ganglia; characterized by rhythmic muscular tremors, rigidity of movement, festination, droopy posture, and masklike facies.
Synonym(s): Parkinson disease.
2. A syndrome similar to parkinsonism appearing as an adverse effect of some antipsychotic drugs.
[J. Parkinson]

Parkinsonism

An obsolescent term for PARKINSON'S DISEASE of known causation.

Parkinsonism

A set of symptoms originally associated with Parkinson disease that can occur as side effects of neuroleptic medications. The symptoms include trembling of the fingers or hands, a shuffling gait, and tight or rigid muscles.

par·kin·son·ism

(pahr'kin-sŏn-izm)
Neurologic syndrome usually resulting from deficiency of neurotransmitter dopamine as consequence of degenerative, vascular, or inflammatory changes in basal ganglia; characterized by rhythmic muscular tremors, rigidity of movement, festination, droopy posture, and masklike facies.
Synonym(s): Parkinson disease.
[J. Parkinson]

Patient discussion about parkinsonism

Q. What to expect from a Parkinson's patient? My 70 year old father has been diagnosed with Parkinson's. What will he be like from now on, what to expect?

A. Some of the symptoms of Parkinson's disease are:
• Trembling of hands, arms, legs, jaw and face
• Stiffness of the arms, legs and trunk
• Slowness of movement
• Poor balance and coordination
The symptoms usually get worse with time and then people with the disease may have trouble walking, talking or doing simple tasks.

Q. what is the latest on parkinson?

A. the "National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke" keeps an article on "what's new in Parkinson research" and they update it every now and then. i have to say that the last one is from 2005, but it has some interesting things you might wanna know...:

http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/parkinsons_disease/parkinsons_research.htm

and the "National Parkinson Foundation" also keeps their readers updated and have a jornal you may find useful things in:

http://www.parkinson.org/NETCOMMUNITY/Page.aspx?pid=246&srcid=201

Q. How do you tell between temporal shaky hands and parkinson disease? My dear granpa's hands are being a bit shaky lately. I was wondering if I should worry about Parkinson's disease or is it most likely to be something else? How to tell? are there other symptoms for Parkinson's?? Any help...

A. The tremor (shaking body parts) of Parkinson disease appears during rest of the limb and disappears or weakens during active movement. Additionally, Parkinson's disease cause walking problems and slow movements.

You may read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/parkinsonsdisease.html

More discussions about parkinsonism
References in periodicals archive ?
While much has been written about Parkinson's Disease, there are few books dedicated to atypical Parkinsonian disorders (APD), which were previously known as "Parkinson plus syndromes." Because the progress and diagnoses of patients with Parkinson's Disease and APD differ, distinguishing between the two disorders is critical for both researchers and clinical practitioners, who are the intended audience for this book.
Progression of dysarthria and dysphagia in postmortem-confirmed parkinsonian disorders. Arch Neurol 2001;58:259-64.
This is despite the relatively high prevalence of constipation in healthy control populations and the potential for constipation to affect individuals with clinical diagnosis of MSA and PSP [15], although presumably constipation is not a common premotor symptom in atypical parkinsonian disorders [16].
Presence of RBD in cross-sectional cohorts is a useful clinical feature to differentiate the aforementioned diseases from other Parkinsonian disorders, especially PSP and secondary Parkinsonism.
Fox, "Serial volumetric MRI in Parkinsonian disorders," Movement Disorders, vol.
Kim, "Autonomic dysfunctions in parkinsonian disorders," Journal of Movement Disorders, vol.