Parelaphostrongylus

(redirected from Parelaphostrongylus odocoilei)

Parelaphostrongylus

a genus in the worm family Protostrongylidae.

Parelaphostrongylus andersoni
found in the musculature, especially in the longissimus dorsi, in white-tailed deer.
Parelaphostrongylus odocoilei
found in connective tissue around blood vessels and lymphatics of musculature below the vertebral column, abdomen and proximal parts of the limbs in mule and black-tailed deer and in moose.
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis (syn. Pneumostrongylus tenuis, Odocoileostrongylus tenuis, Elaphostrongylus tenuis, Neurofilaria cornelliensis)
found in the cranial venous sinuses of white-tailed deer but is nonpathogenic in this species. Infection also occurs in moose, elk, caribou, red deer, black-tailed deer, llama, sheep and goat. In these species the migrating larvae cause serious damage in the spinal cord and posterior paralysis, often in a number of animals at the one time. Called also moose sickness.
Some infected goats also develop a local, linear dermatosis over the shoulders, thorax and flanks, believed to be caused by migrating P. tenuis larvae irritating nerve roots which leads to pruritus and self-trauma along dermatomes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Climate change and the epidemiology of protostrongylid nematodes in northern ecosystems: Parelaphostrongylus odocoilei and Protostrongylus stilesi in Dall's sheep (Ovis d.
Geographic distribution of the muscle-dwelling nematode Parelaphostrongylus odocoilei in North America, using molecular identification of first stage larvae.
Ecological investigation of a new host-parasite relationship: Parelaphostrongylus odocoilei in thinhorn sheep (Ovis dalli) [dissertation].
The life cycle and systematics of Parelaphostrongylus odocoilei (Nematoda: Metastrongyloidea), a parasite of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus), with special reference to the molluscan intermediate host.
Gastropod intermediate hosts and transmission of Parelaphostrongylus odocoilei, a muscle-inhabiting nematode of mule deer, Odocoileus h.