Parelaphostrongylus

(redirected from Parelaphostrongylus andersoni)

Parelaphostrongylus

a genus in the worm family Protostrongylidae.

Parelaphostrongylus andersoni
found in the musculature, especially in the longissimus dorsi, in white-tailed deer.
Parelaphostrongylus odocoilei
found in connective tissue around blood vessels and lymphatics of musculature below the vertebral column, abdomen and proximal parts of the limbs in mule and black-tailed deer and in moose.
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis (syn. Pneumostrongylus tenuis, Odocoileostrongylus tenuis, Elaphostrongylus tenuis, Neurofilaria cornelliensis)
found in the cranial venous sinuses of white-tailed deer but is nonpathogenic in this species. Infection also occurs in moose, elk, caribou, red deer, black-tailed deer, llama, sheep and goat. In these species the migrating larvae cause serious damage in the spinal cord and posterior paralysis, often in a number of animals at the one time. Called also moose sickness.
Some infected goats also develop a local, linear dermatosis over the shoulders, thorax and flanks, believed to be caused by migrating P. tenuis larvae irritating nerve roots which leads to pruritus and self-trauma along dermatomes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Repeated low-level infection of white-tailed deer with Parelaphostrongylus andersoni.
Infections of Parelaphostrongylus andersoni, possibly in combination with the new protostrongylid species, have been linked to verminous pneumonia in barren-ground caribou in Alaska and Canada.
Repeated low level infection of white-tailed deer with Parelaphostrongylus andersoni.
To attempt to determine whether or not other nematode species occurred in WTD from the Upper Peninsula, 5 entire backstraps (longissimus dorsi muscles) and 1 hindquarter from 5 deer (either hit by vehicles or that died in winter) were examined for adult muscleworm, Parelaphostrongylus andersoni, using methods described by Prestwood (1972) and Pybus and Samuel (1984).
Parelaphostrongylus andersoni or Varestrongylus alpenae) are present.