Parelaphostrongylus

Parelaphostrongylus

a genus in the worm family Protostrongylidae.

Parelaphostrongylus andersoni
found in the musculature, especially in the longissimus dorsi, in white-tailed deer.
Parelaphostrongylus odocoilei
found in connective tissue around blood vessels and lymphatics of musculature below the vertebral column, abdomen and proximal parts of the limbs in mule and black-tailed deer and in moose.
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis (syn. Pneumostrongylus tenuis, Odocoileostrongylus tenuis, Elaphostrongylus tenuis, Neurofilaria cornelliensis)
found in the cranial venous sinuses of white-tailed deer but is nonpathogenic in this species. Infection also occurs in moose, elk, caribou, red deer, black-tailed deer, llama, sheep and goat. In these species the migrating larvae cause serious damage in the spinal cord and posterior paralysis, often in a number of animals at the one time. Called also moose sickness.
Some infected goats also develop a local, linear dermatosis over the shoulders, thorax and flanks, believed to be caused by migrating P. tenuis larvae irritating nerve roots which leads to pruritus and self-trauma along dermatomes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Understanding the impact of meningeal worm, Parelaphostrongylus tenuis, on moose populations.
Kessler chronicles the ups and downs of this adventure, from Hannah, who didn't like being milked--and let him know it--to Lizzie's brush with death after being infected with the meningeal nematode Parelaphostrongylus tenuis.
For example, small changes in absolute temperatures can have substantial effects on the transmission dynamics of protostrongylid lungworms and muscleworms (species of Parelaphostrongylus, Protostrongylus, and Umingmakstrongylus), which cycle among the environment, gastropod (slug and snail) intermediate hosts, and ungulate (caribou, muskoxen, thinhorn sheep, moose) definitive hosts (Figure 1).
The parasitic nematode Parelaphostrongylus tenuis can be fatal to moose (Alces alces) (Anderson 1964), and was the probable cause of 5% of mortality of radio-collared moose in northwestern Minnesota and > 20% of incidentally-recovered moose in northern Minnesota (Murray et al.
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis, the meningeal worm is a nematode parasite that of white-tailed deer (1).
low transmission rates of Parelaphostrongylus tenuis), and optimal habitat conditions (i.
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis intensities in white-tailed deer are constrained across age classes (Slomke et al.
Some of the factors believed to be affecting population growth include: parasites such as Parelaphostrongylus tenuis, deterioration in the quantity and quality of moose habitat, poaching, predation, and thermal stress (Brannen 2004, Beazley et al.
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis (Nematoda) and Fascioloides magna (Trematoda) in moose of southeastern Manitoba.
Repeated low level infection of white-tailed deer with Parelaphostrongylus andersoni.
Other contributing factors to the population increase were the reintroduction and spread of beaver (Castor canadensis) and corresponding increase in wetland habitat, and the decline of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) populations and their associated parasite Parelaphostrongylus tenuis (Alexander 1993, Bontaites and Guftason 1993).
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis (Pryadko and Boev) in the moose and white-tailed deer of Nova Scotia.