Parelaphostrongylus

Parelaphostrongylus

a genus in the worm family Protostrongylidae.

Parelaphostrongylus andersoni
found in the musculature, especially in the longissimus dorsi, in white-tailed deer.
Parelaphostrongylus odocoilei
found in connective tissue around blood vessels and lymphatics of musculature below the vertebral column, abdomen and proximal parts of the limbs in mule and black-tailed deer and in moose.
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis (syn. Pneumostrongylus tenuis, Odocoileostrongylus tenuis, Elaphostrongylus tenuis, Neurofilaria cornelliensis)
found in the cranial venous sinuses of white-tailed deer but is nonpathogenic in this species. Infection also occurs in moose, elk, caribou, red deer, black-tailed deer, llama, sheep and goat. In these species the migrating larvae cause serious damage in the spinal cord and posterior paralysis, often in a number of animals at the one time. Called also moose sickness.
Some infected goats also develop a local, linear dermatosis over the shoulders, thorax and flanks, believed to be caused by migrating P. tenuis larvae irritating nerve roots which leads to pruritus and self-trauma along dermatomes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Parasites of the genera Parelaphostrongylus and Elaphostrongylus belong to the subfamily Elaphostrongylinae (Protostrongylidae, Metastrongyloidea, Nematoda).
The dorsal portion of the cranium was removed and the meninges throughout the cranium and brain were inspected for meningeal worms Parelaphostrongylus tenuis (Anderson 1965, Lankester & Samuel 1998).
Kessler chronicles the ups and downs of this adventure, from Hannah, who didn't like being milked--and let him know it--to Lizzie's brush with death after being infected with the meningeal nematode Parelaphostrongylus tenuis.
For example, small changes in absolute temperatures can have substantial effects on the transmission dynamics of protostrongylid lungworms and muscleworms (species of Parelaphostrongylus, Protostrongylus, and Umingmakstrongylus), which cycle among the environment, gastropod (slug and snail) intermediate hosts, and ungulate (caribou, muskoxen, thinhorn sheep, moose) definitive hosts (Figure 1).
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis (Nematoda: Protostrongylidae) and other parasites of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in Costa Rica.
A multifactor investigation of the reproductive fitness responses of the land snail Neohelix (= Tridopsis) albolabris to levels of temperature, humidity, nutrition, calcium, and parasitism, by the nematode Parelaphostrongylus tenuis.
Diversity and abundance of terrestrial gastropods in Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota: implications for the risk of moose becoming infected with Parelaphostrongylus tenuis.
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis, the meningeal worm is a nematode parasite that of white-tailed deer (1).
1986) suggested Deroceras laeve was important in the transmission of Parelaphostrongylus tenuis in central New Brunswick only because it was most heavily infected and most widespread; Rowley et al.
The parasitic nematode Parelaphostrongylus tenuis can be fatal to moose (Alces alces) (Anderson 1964), and was the probable cause of 5% of mortality of radio-collared moose in northwestern Minnesota and > 20% of incidentally-recovered moose in northern Minnesota (Murray et al.
low transmission rates of Parelaphostrongylus tenuis), and optimal habitat conditions (i.
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis intensities in white-tailed deer are constrained across age classes (Slomke et al.