However, the majority of Hymenoptera are parasitoids of herbivore Coleoptera, Diptera, Lepidoptera and Hymenoptera (Quicke, 1997a).
In some cases, parasitoids can enhance plant fitness by parasitizing herbivores that damage the seeds by feeding on them (Gomez and Zamora, 1994; Traveset, 1991).
radiata (ectoparasitoid) is the result of work conducted in Florida using populations of parasitoids
obtained from China, Taiwan, and Vietnam (Hoy & Nguyen 2001; Rohrig 2010; Rohrig et al.
were allowed to forage for parasitism for one week.
Native cynipid parasitoids
are able to rapidly adapt to new exotic hosts; as a result host shift events may occur and even changing in parasitoid
behaviour  showed how galls of invading cynipid species in Britain have become the main hosts of local parasitoid
Therefore, it is fundamental to know the relationship suitable between number of parasitoids
to be released in relation to the density of host eggs presented in the agroecosystem, and the host-egg age more favorable to parasitism, in order to determine the release intervals of the parasitoid
in the field (Ko et al., 2014; Polanczyk, Pratissoli, Holtz, Pereira, & Furtado, 2007).
This findings are in accordance with those of Purcell et al. who observed the effects of guava ripening on large quantity and parasitism ratio of oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) parasitoids
KEYWORDS: Cedar, Egg mass, Moth processionary, parasitoids
In the laboratory studies conducted at 28 [+ or -] 2[degrees]C, it was observed that these parasitoids
completed their life cycle between 23-27 days, and the surviving adult lived for 4-9 days (MANI & KRISHNAMOORTHY, 1989).
After a developing time of 19-21 days, parasitoids
emerged from the next generation were collected daily from each Petri dish.
"This decline was due to significant increases in EAB larval parasitism, first by native parasitoids
, then by T.
longicaudata under field conditions in southern Brazil, helped to motivate the present study aimed at evaluating the effect of releases of this parasitoid
into populations of fruit flies and native parasitoids
in loquat, peach, strawberry guava and persimmon trees in the city of Eldorado do Sul, RS, Brazil.