Parapoxvirus

(redirected from Parapoxvirus infection)

Par·a·pox·vi·rus

(par'ă-poks'vī'rŭs),
The genus of viruses (family Poxviridae) that includes the contagious ecthyma of sheep, bovine papular stomatitis, and paravaccinia viruses. They possess the nucleoprotein antigen common to all viruses included in the family but differ from other poxviruses in morphology (for example, virions are smaller and have thicker external coats) and by not multiplying in embryonated eggs.

Parapoxvirus

/Para·pox·vi·rus/ (-poks´vi-rus) parapoxviruses; a genus of viruses comprising viruses of ungulates, including those causing orf and paravaccinia.

Parapoxvirus

(par″ă-poks′vī″rŭs) [ para- + poxvirus]
A genus of very large DNA viruses that primarily infect ungulates such as deer and cattle. Transmission to humans occasionally occurs, e.g., when farmers, hunters, and ranchers butcher or dress animals.

Parapoxvirus

a genus of viruses in the family Poxviridae.

Parapoxvirus infection
includes bovine papular stomatitis, contagious ecthyma.
References in periodicals archive ?
Parapoxvirus infection of the red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris).
Parapoxvirus infection was suspected, and the lesion was removed surgically.
Histopathology and microscopy can support a diagnosis of a parapoxvirus infection.
These results suggest the patients had previous OPXV infections, given that an active parapoxvirus infection was demonstrated in patient 4 and vaccination could be ruled out for patients 10 (a 20-year-old) and 14 (a 24-year-old) based on their age.
Histopathology indicated nonspeciiqc inflammation, but serologic evaluation revealed parapoxvirus IgM >1:160 and IgG of 1:512, consistent with current or recent parapoxvirus infection.
Negative-stain electron microscopy can confirm a parapoxvirus infection by demonstrating classic ovoid cross-hatched virions (Figure 2) but cannot distinguish orf virus from other parapoxviruses such as paravaccinia (pseudocowpox) virus; serologic testing has the same limitation.
The specialists indicated that the lesions appeared to be typical of parapoxvirus infection.
Parapoxvirus infection in harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) from the German North Sea.
Parapoxvirus infections in New Zealand farmed red deer (Cervus elaphus).