(105) Yet there are other unspecified diagnoses, a residual category called "paraphilia not otherwise specified
" (hereinafter "PNOS"), which are subject to interpretation.
This problem gets more acute as we move beyond the rather narrow parameters of sexual paraphilias--even given the catch all classification, "Paraphilia not Otherwise Specified
" (APA, DSM IV TR, 2000, 576)--to a consideration of all the "sexual disorders" listed in the current DSM.
Eight specific paraphilias are listed in the manual, together with a ninth category, "paraphilia not otherwise specified
" (see Table 1; for diagnostic criteria and definitions pertinent for the present study, see Methods section).