Papez

Pa·pez

(pah-pez'),
James W., U.S. anatomist, 1883-1958. See: Papez circuit.
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Cientificos como Luigi Rolando (1773-1831), Karl Friederich Burdach (1776-1847), Bartholomeo Panizza (1785-1867), Herbert Mayo (1796-1852), Friedrich Arnold (1803-1890), Louis Pierre Gratiolet (1815-1865), Paul Pierre Broca (1824-1880), Jean Baptiste Trolard (1842-1910), Joseph Jules Dejerine (1849-1917), Johan Vilhelm Hultkrantz (1862-1938), Henry Chandler (1862-1978), Edward James Curran (1872-1962), Loyal Davis (1872-1962), James Papez (1883-1958), Elizabeth Crosby (1888-1983), Wilder Graves Penfield (1891-1976), entre otros, quienes realizaron importantes aportes en la preservacion de los hemisferios cerebrales y en la diseccion de tractos (Makris et al., 2005; Shah et al., 2012; Forkel et al., 2014).
Papez, of Winston & Strawn, for the defendant-appellee.
While the dorsal anterior cingulated cortex mostly forms connections with the hippocampus (papez circuit) and lateral prefrontal cortex, the subgenual cingulated cortex (regional aim of subcaudate tractotomy) forms connections with the amygdala, nucleus accumbens, hypothalamus, orbitofrontal cortex and the visceromotor brain stem regions (14).
This work suggests that serotonergic nuclei together with Papez's circuit might be an important target in the study and understanding of the mechanisms involved in memory impairment.
In the study of fornix stimulation in AD patients, volume changes of fornix and mammillary bodies were highly correlated with hippocampal volume change after fornix stimulation,[7] which strongly suggests the critical role of Papez circuit in memory function regulation.
The Papez circuit enables the connection between the cingulate gyrus and hippocampus, and it plays an important role in memory function [43].
The normally chosen targets are part of the circuit of Papez (see fig.3), one of the main pathways of the limbic system and which is essentially involved in the function of memory, because it is degenerate in AD (Rajmohan & Mohandas, 2007).
The exposure of Papez loop (hippocampus-mammillary bodies-anterior thalamus-cingulate cortex-hippocampus), which is associated with emotion regulation, is thought to play a role in this (12).
Asimismo, la repeticion de la informacion es una estrategia para fortalecer la memoria a largo plazo desde donde podra evocarse la informacion con mayor facilidad; sin embargo, la emocion tambien entra a jugar un rol importante en estos procesos de consolidacion y evocacion ya que un material poco atractivo reduce el interes del estudiante y crea interferencia en estos procesos de memoria explicita asociados al hipocampo y otras estructuras del circuito de Papez implicados en la resolucion de un cuestionario de opcion con unica respuesta correcta a partir de multiples opciones y que no participan en la demostracion de una competencia procedimental en donde los sustratos anatomicos de la memoria estan relacionados con el cerebelo y los nucleos basales(24).
The global law firm Jones Day has announced that commercial litigator and trial attorney Matthew Papez has joined the Firm's Business & Tort Litigation Practice as a partner in its Washington Office.
In one study, DTI in alcoholics with (n = 7) and without (n = 20) WKS showed FA deficits in the fornix and cingulum bundle of the Papez or medial limbic circuit, measured using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS).
* Unilateral atrophy of the mammillary body, fornix columns (circuit of papez) and the amygdala.