poppy

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Related to Papaveraceae: Berberidaceae, Smilacaceae

Pa·pa·ver

(pă-pā'vĕr, pă-pav'er),
A genus of plants, one species of which, Papaver somniferum (family Papaveraceae), furnishes opium.
Synonym(s): poppy
[L. poppy]

poppy

(pŏ′pē)
Any of the several plants of the genus Papaver. Opium is obtained from the juice of the unripe pods of Papaver somniferum.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vazquez-Flota, "Phytochemistry letters early developmental onset of alkaloid biosynthesis in Mexican poppy (Argemone Mexicana L) Papaveraceae," Phytochemistry Letters, vol.
Various species of Berberidaceae and Papaveraceae (Table 1) were cut (aerial parts after the flowering, underground parts in the late September before the frost), dried at 40[degrees]C after collection, finely powdered, and frozen prior to the study.
Medium densities of weed (more than 100) were found from Fabaceae, Malvaceae & Papaveraceae family.
(2009) reported that lower concentration (20 to 154 mg/L) extracts from leaves of Argemone subfusiformis Ownbey (Papaveraceae) caused high mortality (90 to 100%) in the 4th instars of yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti L.
Using GC-QTOF-MS, alkaloids were characterized by direct comparison of their fragmentation pattern with data from the NIST MS library (NIST11.L) and NIST chemistry WebBook (http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/) when possible, as well as literature about Papaveraceae. In the case of RP-UHPLC-DAD-QTOF-MS and -MS/MS, MassBank and Metlin were consulted.
In our experiment, the established analytical method was applied for determination of alkaloids in nine species belonging to Berberidaceae and Papaveraceae families.
(Ne; PA) Papaveraceae Eschscholzia californica (S; PA) Poaceae Erioneuron Setaria sp.
* Bermuda buttercup Papaveraceae Poppy Family Eschscholzia californica Cham.
(Brassicaceae), Coulter's horseweed, Laennecia coulteri (Asteraceae), golden crownbeard, Verbesina encelioides (Asteraceae), scrambled eggs, Corydalis aurea (Papaveraceae), velvet weed, Oenothera curtiflora (Onagraceae), silverleaf nightshade, Solanum elaeagnifolium (Solanaceae), copper globemallow, Sphaeralcea angustifolia (Malvaceae), trailing windmills, Allionia incarnata (Nyctanginaceae), and Dakota mock vervain, Glandularia bipinnatifida (Verbenaceae).
Its family, papaveraceae, is relatively small, with less than 800 species, but the types vary greatly in size and colour.
Of 41 families having alien species, Asteraceae was the most dominant (29 species) followed by Convolvulaceae (11), Amaranthaceae and Solanaceae (9 species each), Euphorbiaceae (8), Caesalpiniaceae and Papilionaceae (7 each), Poaceae (6), Capparidaceae, Cyperaceae, Tiliaceae, and Verbenaceae (4 each), Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Lamiaceae, Malvaceae, Mimosaceae, and Onagraceae (3 each), Acanthaceae, Oxalidaceae, Papaveraceae, Pedaliaceae, Portulacaceae, and Scrophulariaceae (2 each), and Amaryllidaceae, Apocynaceae, Arecaceae, Brassicaceae, Cannabaceae, Cuscutaceae, Cactaceae, Liliaceae, Polygonaceae, Primulaceae, Passifloraceae, Piperaceae, Rosaceae, Sterculiaceae, Ulmaceae, Urticaceae, and Zygophyllaceae (1 species each).