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opium poppyHerbal medicine
An annual, the unripe seeds of which contain alkaloids, including morphine, codeine and papaverine. The poppy has been used for than 5000 years in cultural rituals for inducing euphoria and reducing anxiety and inhibitions; the alkaloids are analgesic, antispasmodic and antitussive, and have been used for pain, colic and asthmatic attacks. Ripe poppy seeds have virtually no alkaloids and are often used as condiments.
Opium can cause fatal respiratory paralysis.
n See poppy.
a plant genus of the family Papaveraceae which includes the poppies.
may cause nitrate-nitrite poisoning.
causes ataxia and muscle tremor. Called also Iceland poppy.
a common weed in cultivation fields in Europe. Contains an isoquinoline alkaloid, e.g. rhoadine, and causes somnolence, abdominal pain, recumbency. Called also red poppy.
causes excitement and gastrointestinal disturbance. Called also opium poppy. See opium.