Papaver somniferum


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opium poppy

Herbal medicine
An annual, the unripe seeds of which contain alkaloids, including morphine, codeine and papaverine. The poppy has been used for than 5000 years in cultural rituals for inducing euphoria and reducing anxiety and inhibitions; the alkaloids are analgesic, antispasmodic and antitussive, and have been used for pain, colic and asthmatic attacks. Ripe poppy seeds have virtually no alkaloids and are often used as condiments.
 
Toxicity
Opium can cause fatal respiratory paralysis.

Papaver somniferum,

n See poppy.

Papaver

a plant genus of the family Papaveraceae which includes the poppies.

Papaver aculeatum
may cause nitrate-nitrite poisoning.
Papaver nudicaule
causes ataxia and muscle tremor. Called also Iceland poppy.
Papaver rhoeas
a common weed in cultivation fields in Europe. Contains an isoquinoline alkaloid, e.g. rhoadine, and causes somnolence, abdominal pain, recumbency. Called also red poppy.
Papaver somniferum
causes excitement and gastrointestinal disturbance. Called also opium poppy. See opium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Papaver somniferum effect on seizures induced by picrotoxin duration:
Formation of salutaridine from (R)-reticuline by a membrane-bound cytochrome P-450 enzyme from Papaver somniferum.
The description above verifies the ancients claims for papaver somniferum in as much as it confirms both its sleep inducing and pain relieving properties.
Por lo anterior, un aspecto fundamental en los peritazgos forenses sigue siendo la determinacion efectiva de las plantas psicotropicas involucradas, es decir las plantas cultivadas del genero Erythroxylum (cocas) y las especies Cannabis sativa (Marihuana) y Papaver somniferum (Amapola).
Lo anterior explica la excelente respuesta inicial a la levodopa pero estamos convencidos de que el metabolismo secundario de la dopamina, que lleva a la formacion de codeina y oripavina precursores directos de la morfina en Papaver somniferum L y en los animales, esta tambien alterado y en especial en las etapas que siguen a la formacion del anillo isoquinolinico de la norlaudanosolina o tetrahidropapaverolina (THP) con cuatro grupos hidroxilo 2 de los cuales se metilan selectivamente al igual que el nitrogeno del heterociclo para llegar a la S-reticulina.
Se encontraron semillas de seis especies: Papaver somniferum (Papaveraceae), Centaurea melitensis (Asteraceae), Amaranthus sp.
En Can Tintorer (Gava, Barcelona) se recuperaron restos de una capsula de Papaver somniferum entre el calculo dental de un varon de unos 30 anos alli inhumado, detectandose trazas de opiaceos en su esqueleto y en el de otro varon de unos 35/43 anos (Juan-Tresserras y Villalba 1999), en un contexto datado en el IV milenio cal.
Papaver somniferum has much greater morphological similarity with P.
Although I didn't know it at the time, all these poppies turn out to be strains of Papaver somniferum.
The fish meat of Pangasius pangasius fish was utilized in the preparation of nuggets with incorporation of Papaver somniferum (poppy).
Effect of gamma radiation on the germination of papaver somniferum and papaver rhoeas.
FAVOURITES: Clockwise from top left: Dianthus superbus, Papaver somniferum 'Double Lilac'', Fagus sylvatica 'Atropunicea'', Rosa 'Natasha Richardson''