Papaver somniferum


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opium poppy

Herbal medicine
An annual, the unripe seeds of which contain alkaloids, including morphine, codeine and papaverine. The poppy has been used for than 5000 years in cultural rituals for inducing euphoria and reducing anxiety and inhibitions; the alkaloids are analgesic, antispasmodic and antitussive, and have been used for pain, colic and asthmatic attacks. Ripe poppy seeds have virtually no alkaloids and are often used as condiments.
 
Toxicity
Opium can cause fatal respiratory paralysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Experimental evidence on the affinities of Papaver somniferum (Papaveraccae).
Poppy plant is the species of Papaveraceae plant with the scientific name of Papaver somniferum L.
The opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, is an annual plant, i.e., the plant matures one time, and does not regenerate itself.
Three plants listed in the database (Papaver somniferum L., Chelidonium majus L., and Corydalis cava L.) were related to alkaloids 1, 3, 4, 9, 10, 17, and 22.
Those sweet old ladies who appreciate your lovely flowers need not know they are oohing and aahing over Papaver somniferum." And another on processing poppy sap to make one's own products, along with warnings about the physical and psychic ills to follow if one allows Poppy to dominate, plus a guide to "getting clean" should the worst happen and the drug commandeer one's life.
The use of papaver somniferum (from the Latin fero ferre = 'to bear/bring' and somnium = 'sleep') as a narcotic, goes back to the 13th century BC.
Study coauthors Jillian Hagel and Peter Facchini of the University of Calgary in Canada also pinpointed the genes encoding these two enzymes and verified their roles with test-tube and opium poppy plant (Papaver somniferum) experiments.
People who grow or distribute fresh flowers or dried pods of the opium-producing Papaver somniferum are committing a federal felony if they know the secret Hogshire enthusiastically reveals: Contrary to government misinformation, decorative poppies and opium poppies are frequently one and the same.
The foursome was arrested when police busted six men and one woman on June 25 in Katidata village after 33 Papaver somniferum plants measuring 35 to 70 centimetres tall planted in a fenced garden in the house's backyard.
A few remains of cultural plants were found including one seed of imported fruit--fig (Ficus carica), hemp (Cannabis sativa), opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) and Fagopyrum esculentum.