Papaver somniferum


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opium poppy

Herbal medicine
An annual, the unripe seeds of which contain alkaloids, including morphine, codeine and papaverine. The poppy has been used for than 5000 years in cultural rituals for inducing euphoria and reducing anxiety and inhibitions; the alkaloids are analgesic, antispasmodic and antitussive, and have been used for pain, colic and asthmatic attacks. Ripe poppy seeds have virtually no alkaloids and are often used as condiments.
 
Toxicity
Opium can cause fatal respiratory paralysis.

Papaver somniferum,

n See poppy.

Papaver

a plant genus of the family Papaveraceae which includes the poppies.

Papaver aculeatum
may cause nitrate-nitrite poisoning.
Papaver nudicaule
causes ataxia and muscle tremor. Called also Iceland poppy.
Papaver rhoeas
a common weed in cultivation fields in Europe. Contains an isoquinoline alkaloid, e.g. rhoadine, and causes somnolence, abdominal pain, recumbency. Called also red poppy.
Papaver somniferum
causes excitement and gastrointestinal disturbance. Called also opium poppy. See opium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Methanolic Papaver somniferum effect on death induced by picrotoxin:
Poppy plant with the scientific name of Papaver somniferum has been used for long in traditional medicine and modern medicine as a sedative, hypnotic and analgesic [3, 4].
An overdose of papaver somniferum can indeed be fatal and it is therefore quite possible to use the drug in order to commit suicide.
They will, however, also be the first to admit that it is a truly remarkable feat that the ancients, relying solely on experimentation and a process of trial and error, correctly identified papaver somniferum as a narcotic, analgesic, anodyne, anti-inflammatory medicine, emetic and anti-diarrhoea medication.
coli and digestion with SacI and XbaI for remove Gus gene, purification of TYDC and Cor coding region was done through Glass milk method and finally the construct insert to pBI121 vector through competition cell procedure and agroinfiltered on Papaver somniferum leaves for transient overexpression of TYDC and Cor genes.
Morphine biosynthesis in the Papaver somniferum has been investigated for many years.
Molecular cloning and functional expression of codeinone reductase : the penultimate enzyme in morphine biosynthesis in the Opium poppy Papaver somniferum, The plant Jour.
Distribution of morphine and benzophenanthridine alkaloid gene transcript accumulation in Papaver somniferum.
Ontogeny and cytochemistry of alkaloidal vesicles in laticifers of Papaver somniferum, American Jour.
Increasing morphinan alkaloid production by overexpressing codeinone reductase in transgenic Papaver somniferum, Plant Biotech.
The Flower of Forgetfulness, it is the plant that is grown in some countries to make opium; it's botanical name, Papaver somniferum, alludes to it as a bringer of sleep.
Other hardy garden species include the Iceland poppy, Papaver croceum, 30cm (12in) biennials with flowers of yellow, orange or white; and Papaver somniferum, the opium poppy, a 1.