The literature also reports use of isobutyl-2 cyanoacrylate plus isophendylate (Pantopaque
), polyvinyl alcohol, or an absorbable gelatin sponge in embolization.
The myelographic agent that was used prior to the availability of watersoluble agents (Pantopaque
, Lafayette Pharmaceutical, Inc., Lafayette, IN) could be retained within the spinal canal for years or even decades, depending on the volume used.
visualization of a congenital dural defect of the internal auditory meatus causing rhinorrhea.
Unfortunately, simple aspiration and drainage of hepatic cysts uniformly results in recurrence. However, the addition of sclerosing agents to aspiration has been therapeutic, and a variety of agents including minocycline, pantopaque, and more recently alcohol in 95% or 99% solution have been used successfully.[23,24]
Treatment of symptomatic hepatic cyst by percutaneous instillation of pantopaque. Am J Roentgenol 1976; 127:850-3.