Panicum


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Related to Panicum: Panicum virgatum

Panicum

a genus of grasses in the family Poaceae. May contain sufficient nitrate or oxalate to cause poisoning with these substances. They are highly productive and popular annual and perennial grasses and cereal crops but many of them cause hepatogenous photosensitization due probably to a high content of steroidal saponins in the plants. Edematous enlargement and icteric staining of the cranial tissues gives rise to the common names of yellow bighead and yellow thickhead.

Panicum anticum
brachiaria mutica.
Panicum antidotale
may contain sufficient oxalate to cause oxalate poisoning in sheep or osteodystrophia in horses. Also reported as a cause of atypical interstitial pneumonia. Called also blue panic grass.
Panicum capillare
causes nitrate-nitrite poisoning; called also witchgrass.
Panicum coloratum
may contain high oxalate (see above) or cause hepatogenous photosensitization. Called also Coolah grass, kleingrass.
Panicum crus-galli
reputed to cause photosensitization.
Panicum decompositum
suspected high levels of steroidal saponins causing hepatogenous photosensitization. Called also native millet (Australia).
Panicum dichotomiflorum
causes hepatogenous photosensitization due to steroidal saponins; called also smooth witchgrass.
Panicum effusum
causes hepatogenous photosensitization due probably to steroidal saponins. Called also hairy millet.
Panicum maximum
poisoning characterized by hepatogenous photosensitization due probably to steroidal saponins Called also pigeon grass, guinea grass.
Panicum maximum var. trichoglume
causes equine osteodystrophia fibrosa, Called also green panic.
Panicum miliaceum
an annual cereal crop. Causes hepatogenous photosensitization due probably to steroidal saponins. Called also French millet.
Panicum muticum
brachiariamutica.
Panicum purpurascens
a coarse, high-producing pasture grass. Called also para grass.
Panicum queenslandicum
causes hepatogenous photosensitization due probably to steroidal saponins. Called also Yabila grass.
Panicum schinzii (syn. Panicum laevifolium var. contractum)
causes hepatogenous photosensitization due to steroidal saponins. Called also sweet grass.
Panicum virgatum
causes hepatogenous photosensitization due probably to steroidal saponins.
Panicum whitei
causes hepatogenous photosensitization due probably to steroidal saponins. Called also P. laevinode, pepper grass.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a statement received here, Director HI-KU Professor Dr Bilqees Gul said that they started growing Panicum fodder or grass at the end of June this year and have been able to take its first harvest successfully.
As regards grasses, the local variety of Panicum and Pennisetum purpureum showed a very high CP (25.
No mesmo dia realizou-se a semeadura de cinco sementes das especies de Urochloa decumbens, Ipomoea nil, Spermacoce latifolia e Panicum maximum em cada vaso, assim como o transplantio de mudas de Commelina diffusa, a fim de obter, apos o desbaste, tres plantas daninhas de cada especie convivendo com uma planta de eucalipto.
La intensificacion de la ganaderia en Santiago del Estero, se baso en la eliminacion del estrato arbustivo y arboreo menor a 3 m de altura del bosque Chaqueno (Figura 1, arriba) mediante rolados (roller chopping) y en la implantacion de gramineas megatermicas como Panicum maximun (Kunst et al.
En cambio otra fraccion como la de 26 kDa, que fue observada hasta las 24 h en Panicum y Andropogon, coincidentemente con lo observado por nosotros, se detecto solamente por 8 h en Bromus (24).
Brachiaria humidicola, Panicum maximum y Zea maiz, especies de interes forrajero, presentan amplia variedad de adaptacion, pero su establecimiento esta supeditado a la latencia de las semillas, lo cual afecta el rendimiento de estas especies, con inconvenientes economicos desfavorables.
Previous work on sugarcane had reported a sharp decline in the cell wall content of ensiled Panicum maximum forage and a comparable crude protein content with the fresh unensiled grass [9] contrary to the observation of other researchers that reported significant decrease in crude protein content of ensiled grass using sugarcane and sugarcane bagasse as additives [10,11].
El genero Panicum (Poaceae: Panoicoideae) en el noreste de Mexico.
Important genera of grasses include Cenchrus, Lasiurus and Panicum (Akhter and Arshad, 2006).
Nash (little bluestem), Panicum oligosanthes Schult.